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250位科学家和医生呼吁立即暂停5G的部署

(2019-10-22 09:27:12) 下一个

If 5G is not safe, do you want it?

5G不会取代4G; 它将在不久的将来甚至可能长期伴随4G。 如果同时暴露于多种类型的RFR会产生协同效应,那么我们受到RFR伤害的总体风险可能会大大增加。 癌症不是唯一的风险,因为有大量证据表明RFR可能由于氧化应激而导致神经系统疾病和生殖伤害。

作为一个社会,我们是否应该投资数千亿美元来部署5G?5G是一项蜂窝技术,需要在美国靠近我们的生活,工作和娱乐场所安装80万个或更多新的蜂窝天线站点?

相反,我们应该支持签署5G呼吁的250位科学家和医生的建议,该呼吁呼吁立即暂停5G的部署,并要求我们的政府资助研究以采用基于生物的接触限值来保护我们的健康和健康。 安全。

5G will not replace 4G; it will accompany 4G for the near future and possibly over the long term. If there are synergistic effects from simultaneous exposures to multiple types of RFR, our overall risk of harm from RFR may increase substantially. Cancer is not the only risk as there is considerable evidence that RFR causes neurological disorders and reproductive harm, likely due to oxidative stress.

As a society, should we invest hundreds of billions of dollars deploying 5G, a cellular technology that requires the installation of 800,000 or more new cell antenna sites in the U.S. close to where we live, work and play?

Instead, we should support the recommendations of the 250 scientists and medical doctors who signed the 5G Appeal that calls for an immediate moratorium on the deployment of 5G and demand that our government fund the research needed to adopt biologically based exposure limits that protect our health and safety.

We Have No Reason to Believe 5G Is Safe

The technology is coming, but contrary to what some people say, there could be health risks

 
We Have No Reason to Believe 5G Is Safe
Credit: Bill Oxford Getty Images
 
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The telecommunications industry and their experts have accused many scientists who have researched the effects of cell phone radiation of "fear mongering" over the advent of wireless technology's 5G. Since much of our research is publicly-funded, we believe it is our ethical responsibility to inform the public about what the peer-reviewed scientific literature tells us about the health risks from wireless radiation.

The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recently announced through a press release that the commission will soon reaffirm the radio frequency radiation (RFR) exposure limits that the FCC adopted in the late 1990s. These limits are based upon a behavioral change in rats exposed to microwave radiation and were designed to protect us from short-term heating risks due to RFR exposure.

Yet, since the FCC adopted these limits based largely on research from the 1980s, the preponderance of peer-reviewed research, more than 500 studies, have found harmful biologic or health effects from exposure to RFR at intensities too low to cause significant heating.

 
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Citing this large body of research, more than 240 scientists who have published peer-reviewed research on the biologic and health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields (EMF) signed the International EMF Scientist Appeal, which calls for stronger exposure limits. The appeal makes the following assertions:

“Numerous recent scientific publications have shown that EMF affects living organisms at levels well below most international and national guidelines. Effects include increased cancer risk, cellular stress, increase in harmful free radicals, genetic damages, structural and functional changes of the reproductive system, learning and memory deficits, neurological disorders, and negative impacts on general well-being in humans. Damage goes well beyond the human race, as there is growing evidence of harmful effects to both plant and animal life.”

The scientists who signed this appeal arguably constitute the majority of experts on the effects of nonionizing radiation. They have published more than 2,000 papers and letters on EMF in professional journals.

The FCC’s RFR exposure limits regulate the intensity of exposure, taking into account the frequency of the carrier waves, but ignore the signaling properties of the RFR. Along with the patterning and duration of exposures, certain characteristics of the signal (e.g., pulsing, polarization) increase the biologic and health impacts of the exposure. New exposure limits are needed which account for these differential effects. Moreover, these limits should be based on a biological effect, not a change in a laboratory rat’s behavior.

The World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified RFR as "possibly carcinogenic to humans" in 2011. Last year, a $30 million study conducted by the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) found “clear evidence” that two years of exposure to cell phone RFR increased cancer in male rats and damaged DNA in rats and mice of both sexes. The Ramazzini Institute in Italy replicated the key finding of the NTP using a different carrier frequency and much weaker exposure to cell phone radiation over the life of the rats.

 
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Based upon the research published since 2011, including human and animal studies and mechanistic data, the IARC has recently prioritized RFR to be reviewed again in the next five years. Since many EMF scientists believe we now have sufficient evidence to consider RFR as either a probable or known human carcinogen, the IARC will likely upgrade the carcinogenic potential of RFR in the near future.

Nonetheless, without conducting a formal risk assessment or a systematic review of the research on RFR health effects, the FDA recently reaffirmed the FCC’s 1996 exposure limits in a letter to the FCC, stating that the agency had “concluded that no changes to the current standards are warranted at this time,” and that “NTP’s experimental findings should not be applied to human cell phone usage.” The letter stated that “the available scientific evidence to date does not support adverse health effects in humans due to exposures at or under the current limits.”

The latest cellular technology, 5G, will employ millimeter waves for the first time in addition to microwaves that have been in use for older cellular technologies, 2G through 4G. Given limited reach, 5G will require cell antennas every 100 to 200 meters, exposing many people to millimeter wave radiation. 5G also employs new technologies (e.g., active antennas capable of beam-forming; phased arrays; massive inputs and outputs, known as MIMO) which pose unique challenges for measuring exposures.

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Millimeter waves are mostly absorbed within a few millimeters of human skin and in the surface layers of the cornea. Short-term exposure can have adverse physiological effects in the peripheral nervous system, the immune system and the cardiovascular system. The research suggests that long-term exposure may pose health risks to the skin (e.g., melanoma), the eyes (e.g., ocular melanoma) and the testes (e.g., sterility).

Since 5G is a new technology, there is no research on health effects, so we are “flying blind” to quote a U.S. senator. However, we have considerable evidence about the harmful effects of 2G and 3G. Little is known the effects of exposure to 4G, a 10-year-old technology, because governments have been remiss in funding this research. Meanwhile, we are seeing increases in certain types of head and neck tumors in tumor registries, which may be at least partially attributable to the proliferation of cell phone radiation. These increases are consistent with results from case-control studies of tumor risk in heavy cell phone users.

 
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5G will not replace 4G; it will accompany 4G for the near future and possibly over the long term. If there are synergistic effects from simultaneous exposures to multiple types of RFR, our overall risk of harm from RFR may increase substantially. Cancer is not the only risk as there is considerable evidence that RFR causes neurological disorders and reproductive harm, likely due to oxidative stress.

As a society, should we invest hundreds of billions of dollars deploying 5G, a cellular technology that requires the installation of 800,000 or more new cell antenna sites in the U.S. close to where we live, work and play?

Instead, we should support the recommendations of the 250 scientists and medical doctors who signed the 5G Appeal that calls for an immediate moratorium on the deployment of 5G and demand that our government fund the research needed to adopt biologically based exposure limits that protect our health and safety.

The views expressed are those of the author(s) and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)

Joel M. Moskowitz

Joel M. Moskowitz, PhD, is director of the Center for Family and Community Health in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been translating and disseminating the research on wireless radiation health effects since 2009 after he and his colleagues published a review paper that found long-term cell phone users were at greater risk of brain tumors. His Electromagnetic Radiation Safety website has had more than two million page views since 2013. He is an unpaid advisor to the International EMF Scientist Appeal and Physicians for Safe Technology.

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TJKCB 回复 悄悄话 您的位置: 文学城 ? 论坛 ? 时事述评 ? 250位科学家和医生呼吁立即暂停5G的部署全部论坛列表
250位科学家和医生呼吁立即暂停5G的部署
来源: TJKCB 于 2019-10-22 09:27:12 [档案] [博客] [转至博客] [旧帖] [给我悄悄话] 本文已被阅读: 21811 次 (15677 bytes)
所有跟帖:
? 250个脑 残的科学家。压根就不懂物理,也不懂人体科学 -相对强度- ♂ 给 相对强度 发送悄悄话 相对强度 的博客首页 相对强度 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (44 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 09:42:39

? 您是不是有点武断啊? -appaloosa- ♂ 给 appaloosa 发送悄悄话 appaloosa 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (4 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 17:27:50

? 不止一点 -非否- ♀ 给 非否 发送悄悄话 非否 的博客首页 非否 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (2 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 23:17:07

? 很好,尽快抄送嫖总,先把美国5G停了吧 -不瘦的白胖- ♀ 给 不瘦的白胖 发送悄悄话 不瘦的白胖 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (7 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 09:47:06

? 250 科学家 -jm_58- ♂ 给 jm_58 发送悄悄话 jm_58 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (12 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 10:19:29

? 全世界多少科学家和医生,250 个脑 残,占不到0.001% -遍野无尘- ♀ 给 遍野无尘 发送悄悄话 遍野无尘 的博客首页 遍野无尘 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (3 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 10:50:16

? 他的专业是社会心理学,MA and PhD in social psychology,很懂如何恐吓大众,呵呵。 -路边的蒲公英- ♂ 给 路边的蒲公英 发送悄悄话 路边的蒲公英 的博客首页 路边的蒲公英 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (8 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 11:10:04

? 5G如果比汽车造成的伤害轻,就能用,汽车一年压死多少万银呢。 -路边的蒲公英- ♂ 给 路边的蒲公英 发送悄悄话 路边的蒲公英 的博客首页 路边的蒲公英 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (6 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 11:11:54

? 支持。还是有线电话更安全 -curiousami- ♂ 给 curiousami 发送悄悄话 curiousami 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (4 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 11:52:12

? 目的只是为了推迟5G的部署, 因为目前美国没有5G技术. -fguy- ♂ 给 fguy 发送悄悄话 fguy 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (4 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 12:09:56

? 5G最强的是Qualcomm -非否- ♀ 给 非否 发送悄悄话 非否 的博客首页 非否 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (0 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 23:19:26

? 完全支持恢复鸡毛信 -pdong95014- ♀ 给 pdong95014 发送悄悄话 pdong95014 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (4 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 13:10:00

? 人的健康是第一位的。现在的通信速度足够了。 -GuoLuke2- ♂ 给 GuoLuke2 发送悄悄话 GuoLuke2 的博客首页 GuoLuke2 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (7 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 14:43:18

? 长期手机使用者罹患脑瘤的风险更大/long-term cell phone users were at greater risk -TJKCB- ♀ 给 TJKCB 发送悄悄话 TJKCB 的博客首页 TJKCB 的个人群组 (123 bytes) (57 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 16:31:51

? 这数字凑的,250, 是故意的吗? -五言- ♂ 给 五言 发送悄悄话 五言 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (5 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 16:59:06

? 就像国人怕绿帽。自娱自乐就行了。硬要推广到全世界就贻笑大方了 -非否- ♀ 给 非否 发送悄悄话 非否 的博客首页 非否 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (1 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 23:22:13

? 很明显这是在故意黑川总。川总早就教导我们说,美国不能在5G领域落后,要奋起直追,赶超中国 -京工人- ♂ 给 京工人 发送悄悄话 京工人 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (2 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 20:06:03

? 果然250 -卤煮- ♂ 给 卤煮 发送悄悄话 卤煮 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (1 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 20:15:31

? 5G基本上就是鸡肋。 -mmnn66777- ♂ 给 mmnn66777 发送悄悄话 mmnn66777 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (6 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 20:20:37

? 停止5G部署是因美没5G -yun_cn1- ♂ 给 yun_cn1 发送悄悄话 yun_cn1 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (2 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 20:32:06

? 挺好。有大无畏精神的人士先用上,充满自豪地当个爱国小白鼠 -非否- ♀ 给 非否 发送悄悄话 非否 的博客首页 非否 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (1 reads) 10/22/2019 postreply 23:27:45

? 壁垒分明啊! -yaohua- ♀ 给 yaohua 发送悄悄话 yaohua 的个人群组 (0 bytes) (1 reads) 10/23/2019 postreply 03:08:30
TJKCB 回复 悄悄话 您的位置: 文学城 ? 论坛 ? 时事述评 ? 250位科学家和医生呼吁立即暂停5G的部署
250位科学家和医生呼吁立即暂停5G的部署
来源: TJKCB 于 2019-10-22 09:27:12 [档案] [博客] [转至博客] [旧帖][给我悄悄话] 本文已被阅读: 9612 次 (15677 bytes)

所有跟帖:



? 250个脑 残的科学家。压根就不懂物理,也不懂人体科学 -相对强度- ♂ 给 相对强度 发送悄悄话 相对强度 的博客首页 相对强度 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(24 reads)10/22/2019 postreply09:42:39

? 很好,尽快抄送嫖总,先把美国5G停了吧 -不瘦的白胖- ♀ 给 不瘦的白胖 发送悄悄话 不瘦的白胖 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(6 reads)10/22/2019 postreply09:47:06

? 250 科学家 -jm_58- ♂ 给 jm_58 发送悄悄话 jm_58 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(7 reads)10/22/2019 postreply10:19:29

? 全世界多少科学家和医生,250 个脑 残,占不到0.001% -遍野无尘- ♀ 给 遍野无尘 发送悄悄话 遍野无尘 的博客首页 遍野无尘 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(2 reads)10/22/2019 postreply10:50:16

? 他的专业是社会心理学,MA and PhD in social psychology,很懂如何恐吓大众,呵呵。 -路边的蒲公英- ♂ 给 路边的蒲公英 发送悄悄话 路边的蒲公英 的博客首页 路边的蒲公英 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(4 reads)10/22/2019 postreply11:10:04

? 5G如果比汽车造成的伤害轻,就能用,汽车一年压死多少万银呢。 -路边的蒲公英- ♂ 给 路边的蒲公英 发送悄悄话 路边的蒲公英 的博客首页 路边的蒲公英 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(2 reads)10/22/2019 postreply11:11:54

? 支持。还是有线电话更安全 -curiousami- ♂ 给 curiousami 发送悄悄话 curiousami 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(1 reads)10/22/2019 postreply11:52:12

? 目的只是为了推迟5G的部署, 因为目前美国没有5G技术. -fguy- ♂ 给 fguy 发送悄悄话 fguy 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(1 reads)10/22/2019 postreply12:09:56

? 完全支持恢复鸡毛信 -pdong95014- ♀ 给 pdong95014 发送悄悄话 pdong95014 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(0 reads)10/22/2019 postreply13:10:00

? 人的健康是第一位的。现在的通信速度足够了。 -GuoLuke2- ♂ 给 GuoLuke2 发送悄悄话 GuoLuke2 的博客首页 GuoLuke2 的个人群组 (0 bytes)(1 reads)10/22/2019 postreply14:43:18

? 长期手机使用者罹患脑瘤的风险更大/long-term cell phone users were at greater risk -TJKCB- ♀ 给 TJKCB 发送悄悄话 TJKCB 的博客首页 TJKCB 的个人群组 (123 bytes)(0 reads)10/22/2019 postreply16:31:51


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