Word List 15 (mend - metallurgy)

(2023-03-18 10:08:41) 下一个

- mend v. -intr. 1a. To improve in health or condition: The patient is mending

  well. b. To heal: The bone mended in a month.


- mendacious adj. 1. Lying; untruthful: a mendacious child. 2. False; untrue: a

  mendacious statement.


- meninx n., pl., meninges. A membrane, especially one of the three membranes

  enclosing the brain and spinal cord in vertebrates.


- meniscus n. 1. A crescent-shaped body. 4. A cartilage disk that acts as a

  cushion between the ends of bones that meet in a joint.


- menorah n. Judaism 1. A nine-branched candelabrum used in celebration of



- mensch or mensh n. Informal. A person having admirable characteristics, such

  as fortitude and firmness of purpose: "He radiates the kind of fundamental

  decency that has a name in Yiddish; He's a mensch" (James Atlas).


- mental2 adj. Of or relating to the chin.


- meow n. 1. The cry of a cat. 2. Informal A malicious, spiteful comment.


- mephitis n. 1. An offensive smell; a stench. 2. A poisonous or foul-smelling

  gas emitted from the earth. -mephitic adj.


- mercantilism n. 1. The theory and system of political economy prevailing in

  Europe after the decline of feudalism, based on national policies of

  accumulating bullion, establishing colonies and a merchant marine, and

  developing industry and mining to attain a favorable balance of trade.


- mercy killing n. Euthanasia.


- mere2 n. A small lake, pond, or marsh: "Sometimes on lonely mountain meres/I

  find a magic bark" (Tennyson).


- meretricious adj. 1a. Attracting attention in a vulgar manner: thought the

  meretricious ornamentation was pretentious. b. Plausible but false or

  insincere; specious: a meretricious argument. 2. Of or relating to prostitutes

  or prostitution: meretricious relationship.


- meridian n. 1a. An imaginary great circle on the earth's surface passing

  through the North and South geographic poles. All points on the same meridian

  have the same longitude. 5. Archaic a. The highest point in the sky reached by

  the sun or another celestial body; a zenith. b. Noon. 6. The highest point or

  stage of development; peak: "Men come to their meridian at various periods of

  their lives." (John H. Newman). 7. See median strip. adj. 1. Of or relating to

  a meridian; meridional. 2. Of or at midday: the meridian hour. 3. Of,

  relating to, or constituting the highest point, as of development or power:

  the empire in its meridian period.


- meringue n. 1. A topping for pastry or pies made of a mixture of egg whites

  and sugar beaten until stiff and often baked until brown. 2. A small pastry

  shell or cake made of stiffly beaten baked egg whites and sugar, often

  containing fruit or nutmeats.


- mesa n. A broad, flat-topped elevation with one or more clifflike sides,

  common in the southwest US. [Spanish, table, mesa, from Latin mensa.]


- mesalliance n. A marriage with a person of inferior social position.


- mescal also mezcal n. 1. See peyote. 2a. A Mexican liquor distilled from the

  fermented juice of certain species of agave. b. A food prepared by cooking the

  fleshy leaf base and trunk of certain agaves. 3. See maguey.


- mescal button n. The fresh or dried button-like tubercles of peyote, chewed as

  a drug by certain Native American people. Also called peyote.


- meseems intr.v. Archaic It seems to me.


- meso- or mes- pref. 1. In the middle; middle: mosoderm. 2. Intermediate:



- mesomorph n. An individual with a robust, muscular body build caused by the

  predominance of structures developed from the embryonic mesoderm layer.


- mess n. 3a. An amount of food, as for a meal, course, or dish: cooked up a

  mess of fish. b. A serving of soft, semiliquid food: a mess of porridge. 4a A

  group of people, usually soldiers or sailors, who regularly eat meals

  together. b. Food or a meal served to such a group: took mess with the

  enlistees. c. A mess hall.


- messed up adj. Slang 1. Beaten up. 2. Drunk or intoxicated.


- messianism n. 1. Belief in a messiah. 2. Belief that a particular cause or

  movement is destined to triumph or save the world. 3. Zealous devotion to a

  leader, cause, or movement. --messianist.


- mess kit n. A set of cooking and eating utensils compactly arranged in a kit,

  used by soldiers and campers.


- mestiza n. A woman of mixed racial ancestry, especially of mixed European and

  Native American ancestry.


- meta- or met- pref. 1a. Later in time: metestrus. b. At a later stage of

  development: metanephros. 2. Situated behind: metacarpus. 3a. Change;

  transformation: metachromatism. b. Alternation: metagenesis. 4a. Beyond;

  transcending; more comprehensive: metalinguistics. b. At a higher state of

  development: metaoan. 5. Having undergone metamorphosis: metasomatic. 6a.

  Derivative or related chemical substance: metaprotein.


- metacenter n. The intersection of vertical lines through the center of

  buoyancy of a floating body when it is at equilibrium and when it is floating

  at an angle. The location of the metacenter is an indication of the stability

  of a floating body.


- metal n. 4. Basic character; mettle. 5. Broken stones used for road surfaces

  or railroad beds.


  Word History: In modern English, metal and mettle are pronounced the same, and

  they are in fact all related. Middle English borrowed metal from Old French in

  the 14th century; Old French metal, metail, came from Latin metallum, from

  Greek metallon, "mine, quarry, ore, metal." By the 16th century, metal had

  also come to mean "the stuff one is made of, one's character," but there was

  no difference in spelling between the literal and figurative senses until

  about 1700, when the spelling mettle, originally just a variant of metal, was

  fixed for the sense "fortitude." The history of English has numerous examples

  of pairs of words, like metal and mettle, that are spelling variants of the

  same word; two other such pairs are trump/triumph, and through/thorough.


- metalloid n. 1. A nonmetallic element, such as arsenic, that has some of the

  chemical properties of a metal. 2. A nonmetallic element, such as carbon, that

  can form an alloy with metals. adj.


- metallophone n. A percussion instrument consisting of a graduated series of

  metal bars struck with either hand-held or keyboard-controlled hammers.


- metallurgy n. 1. The science that dels with procedures used in extracting

  metals from their ores, purifying and alloying metals, and creating useful

  objects from metals.

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7grizzly 回复 悄悄话 回复 '暖冬cool夏' 的评论 : Thank you, 暖冬, for reading and your comments.

For mercy killing, the killer might be merciful, but meseems there's nothing 安乐 about it--the patient's suffering to begin with. :-)

When I look at a list, there's rarely a word I regret copying. I enjoy almost all of them, regardless of how difficult they are and wish I could squeeze in more.

I first heard of 'mensch' from Andreas Kluth's book "Hannibal and Me." He didn't say whether it pays to be one, though. I appreciate your praise nonetheless and hope to live up to it :-)
暖冬cool夏 回复 悄悄话 mercy killing--安乐死?
The first half of the list is easier than the latter:)
You are a mensch! :-))
Have a great weekend!