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noun: plagiarism; plural noun: plagiarisms

(2017-01-27 12:17:04) 下一个

Isaac Asimov "原创" 換位思考尊重別人的利益 = decency

已有 68 次阅读 2017-1-27 11:38 |个人分类:英语写作(群组群主)|系统分类:观点评述    推荐到群组

"He's a decent person," "He doesn't have decency."

Having lived on the Western soil for more than three decades, I have heard a lot about this word "decency." What's decent behavior online?

 

I got a post:

注明'原创'的,不要看?????

2017-1-8 10:54注明'原创'的,不要看。 (   舌尖上的世界   2017-1-6 23:00)     有些人说他在原创,我不敢鼓掌,也不敢仰视,其实很多人简单的  将段子理解为原创,这是病,很难治!   原创只是个文明的说法 (   作者:   Elife    于 2017-1-6 17:12    http://www.backchina.com/u/367430   )     分享     :   有梦的感慨  ...499 次阅读|没有评论

 

I wonder how you can label your own materials "注明'原创'的: Original idea? your own word? your own phrase? Your own story? Your own invention? Why do I ask these?

 

My favorite writer (below) once said that "modern writers contribute 1% of original ideas while borrowing 99% of materials from others. That's explosion of knowledge, an era with explosive information. How much can you contribute in "big data" knowledge base? I won't claim any of my writing is original to me, but I just borrow from others. I attempt to credit back to those who inspire me by citation - let me know if you find yours in my writing.

 

Some wonder why Western colleges has strict rules on -

"""pla·gia·rism
   ?plāj??riz?m/
noun
  1. the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.
    synonyms: copying, infringement of copyright, piracy, theft, stealing;
    informalcribbing
    "accusations of plagiarism"

The expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property and is protected by copyright laws, just like original inventions. ... copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit. ... changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit (citation) ... Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation ...

Plagiarism definition, an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of ...

If schools wish to impress upon their students how serious an offense plagiarism is, they might start with an explanation of the word's history. Plagiarize (and ...

At UNC, plagiarism is defined as “the deliberate or reckless representation of another's words, thoughts, or ideas as one's own without attribution in connection ...

Why Biden's plagiarism shouldn't be forgotten. - Slate
www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history_lesson/2008/.../the_write_stuff.html
The incidents of plagiarism and fabrication that forced Joe Biden to quit the 1988 presidential race have drawn little comment since his ...

"""

Above Google defintion shows the decency of writing and talking. Now, you walk on a thin line of being stepped on the property of others' intellectuals. It's so hard now, more than ever, as you read others all the time: online, cell phone, WeChat, tweet, instagram, FaceBook, ..., etc. Your private space is squeezed to tiny, little or none.

Some quotation well say along this line:

社會公德和規矩的核心曾傑  2015-8-20 17:20 你的問題提得很好,我思考過;所以,才得出一個結論,單純複興儒釋道不足以解決當今社會存在的弊端,單純依靠基督教也容易出現偏差,而這個根本點來自《聖經》(世界上最難讀懂或少有人讀懂)內在的精神。博主回複(2015-8-21 10:41)《毛澤東文選》26卷301頁有這樣一段話:“我們共產黨人,是從批孔起家的,但是我們決不能走前麵他們的路,批了再尊,等到我們為了鞏固自己的地位再把孔子的思想拿來給予老百姓,落入曆史的一種循環,這是不行的。如果共產黨也到了沒法統治或者遇到難處了,也要把孔子請回來,說明你也快完了。" Do you know why? That's because "道家、儒家和釋家的哲學詮釋 is different from 基督教. 基督教 answered three basic questions: Who am I? Where I come from? Where I will go? All others couldn't answer these three questions. Can you explain how 道家、儒家和釋家 answer these three questions. That's the root of Chinese bureaucracy and official corruption.

社會公德和規矩後麵,有個核心 = Decency

Note:  "社會公德和規矩後麵,有個核心的、看得見摸得著的東西,這就是別人的利益。教會學生正確對待別人的利益,是中國教育所缺乏的,而這恰恰是美國教育的一個重要內容,也是美國名校的期望。美國的教育,從家庭到學校,對孩子感受並尊重別人利益的能力,非常重視,而這就是人品的基礎,也是評價一個孩子時,說他nice(好)”和“fair(公平)”的實質內涵。學生不僅成績要好,有激情有特長,還要具備能在社會上成功的心理素質和人格魅力;在一個成熟穩定的社會,年輕人要出頭,人品是不能差的,要懂得顧忌別人的利益。

資本主義的美國,名校錄取學生時,對學生的人品看得這麽重;也就不奇怪了,申請名校,還要附加作文、推薦信、麵試、現在還要查Facebook等社交留言記錄,涉及方方麵麵很多人、環環相扣;有時這個過程之微妙,隻有圈內人才能意會。最頂尖名校的招生官從這些東西裏麵,飛速解讀和預測一個個申請學生的各個方麵,包括性情人品。對那些成績特好,自我感覺也特好,別人好像都欠他的學生,對不起,格殺勿論;最頂尖名校最喜歡炫耀的,就是屠宰(slaughter)了多少SAT考滿分者。

承認個人的利益,是社會發展的動力;尊重別人的利益,是社會穩定的基礎。

老的說法將這歸因於為人,性格決定命運;時尚的解釋叫情商。為人也好,情商也好,其實後麵都是同一個核心的東西:即感知並尊重別人利益的能力,其它的很多東西,都是虛的玄的。我們常說要尊重別人,但到底什麽是尊重?

“己所不欲,勿施於人”,實質就是換位思考、尊重別人的利益。"(by 徐罡博士)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~`

Isaac Asimov Isaac.Asimov01.jpg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Isaac Asimov (/?a?z?k?æz?m?v/;[2] born Isaak Ozimov; c. January 2, 1920[1] – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University. He was known for his works of science fiction and popular science. Asimov was a prolific writer, and wrote or edited more than 500 books and an estimated 90,000 letters and postcards.[3] His books have been published in 9 of the 10 major categories of the Dewey Decimal Classification.[4]

Asimov wrote hard science fiction and, along with Robert A. Heinlein and Arthur C. Clarke, he was considered one of the "Big Three" science fiction writers during his lifetime.[5] Asimov's most famous work is the Foundation Series;[6] his other major series are the Galactic Empire series and the Robot series. The Galactic Empire novels are explicitly set in earlier history of the same fictional universe as the Foundation series. Later, beginning with Foundation's Edge, he linked this distant future to the Robot and Spacer stories, creating a unified "future history" for his stories much like those pioneered by Robert A. Heinlein and previously produced by Cordwainer Smith and Poul Anderson.[7] He wrote hundreds of short stories, including the social science fiction "Nightfall", which in 1964 was voted by the Science Fiction Writers of America the best short science fiction story of all time. Asimov wrote the Lucky Starr series of juvenile science-fiction novels using the pen name Paul French.[8]

Asimov also wrote mysteries and fantasy, as well as much nonfiction. Most of his popular science books explain scientific concepts in a historical way, going as far back as possible to a time when the science in question was at its simplest stage. He often provides nationalities, birth dates, and death dates for the scientists he mentions, as well as etymologies and pronunciation guides for technical terms. Examples include Guide to Science, the three-volume set Understanding Physics, and Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery, as well as works on astronomy, mathematics, history, William Shakespeare's writing, and chemistry.

Asimov was a long-time member and vice president of Mensa International, albeit reluctantly;[9] he described some members of that organization as "brain-proud and aggressive about their IQs".[10] He took more joy in being president of the American Humanist Association.[11] The asteroid5020 Asimov, a crater on the planet Mars,[12] a Brooklyn elementary school, and a literary award are named in his honor.

Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent.

Never let your sense of morals get in the way of doing what's right.

The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not 'Eureka!' (I've found it!), but 'That's funny...' -Isaac Asimov.

``~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~``

PS: Postscript***  Add-on note for my posts:  各位有缘人【总之就是正在看着屏幕的您!】,[em:3:] blessings! “己所不欲,勿施於人”,實質就是換位思考、尊重別人的利益 = decency。I wrote all my posts based on what I read on line, a way of taking break, a routine of daily activity. I can't write anything without this fabric of  other's writing, an inspiration that triggers my own motivation to write. Copy/paste the original article provides me with a context to track down where I got the idea, a way to credit back to those writers.己所不欲,勿施於人”,實質就是換位思考、尊重別人的利益 - You're free to quote my writing. If you're objected to my quotation, can you let me know so I can correct it? Thanks.

Reference: I'd credit the original source of my inspiration to write this post by citing the entire article above, only for academic/teaching purpose, but not for commercial purpose - making and promoting any products. I use both URL (URL is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator and is a reference (an address) to a resource on the Internet. A URL has two main components: Protocol identifier: For the URL http://example.com , the protocol identifier is http . Resource name: For the URL http://example.com , the resource name is example.com .) and the entire article for my electronic library as URL is drifted with time, so it's hard to find the original citation. Let me know if you're objected to my citation of your article - I'd act accordingly. Thanks so much for your attention.

*** all my blog posts align with 唐師曾on this: "無計劃、無腹稿,每天拍攝,即興亂侃。短兵相接講人的故事,隨拍隨說客觀記錄,是為“語像”。無立場、無判決。漏洞百出,歡迎補漏。作為新聞記者,我獲取的信息簡單處理後,以新聞的特點、速度即刻傳播。不計時間成本地對某個問題深入研究,不是我的本職工作。"- 唐師曾

~~~~~~~~~

add-on note: I've practiced to copy/paste the entire document of my reference to the post I referred to as above to avoid the below problem. It's hectic to do, but it's good for readers. You can see why below.

~~~

A common problem with many Chinese Language websites                          

In re-reading some of my older blog articles, I have found the following  problem with many Chinese language websites. When my article gave reference to material associated with my article, e.g., a website, the Chinese website do not archive old news reports. Instead one finds the website referenced has new stories featured that has nothing to do with my article. The old article referenced by me has disappeared and nowhere to be found. There is nothing I can do about this. On the other hand, international news sites such as CNN or NY Times  has a distinct reference for each page of content featured. Reader can always see it even if the content is ten years old. I hope ScienceNet reader and the general public can urge these Chinese websites to change their practice. After all, these days computer memory to a first approximation cost nothing.

转载本文请联系原作者获取授权,同时请注明本文来自何毓琦科学网博客。
链接地址:http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-1565-1029741.html
http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-847277-1030210.html

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