新手应该控制心率（180-age之内），这样受伤的几率会少很多，有心率带可以用心率带测量控制，没有的话，从3迈15分pace开始，即4MPH的速度跑45分钟就可以（pace指跑1迈所用的时间，跑步机上标注的时速miles per hour严格说不是pace。例如PACE10,是指跑1迈用10分钟，或者说是6MPH的时速)，如果感觉还可以，每周赠加5%周里程数或时间，不要同时增加，要累计。如果增加10%就很激进了，搞不好身体容易疲劳，也就容易受伤。如果觉得累，就减一点里程数，身体反应这个晴雨表不能忽视，不要硬撑，千万不要偶尔感觉好就一口气跑很多，然后第2天第3天累得跑不动。
The “Max Aerobic Function” test was invented by Dr Phil Maffetone who helped scientifically confirm Lydiard’s theories that you first need to develop your aerobic foundation to its maximum, and then you should resume harder training. As such, the test perfectly supplements anyone undertaking a Lydiard build-up.
- Determine your target heart rate (if you are a coached athlete, our coaches will provide this as part of your programme, otherwise use 180-formula) or run at an intensity of 5 (see RPE chart)
- Warm-up well (at least 15 minutes)
- Wear a heart rate monitor and ensure it is working properly before starting the test
- Find an even 5 mile (8 km) course, you can use a track, that you will have permanent access to for all future tests
- Setup your watch to take splits, preferably every mile, but kilometre splits can be used as well as long as you are consistent each time
- Once your heart rate is close to your target, begin the test
- Run as close to your target heart rate for the entire duration of the 5 mile/8 km run. Ensure you record your splits or that your watch is doing this automatically
- If done correctly, ever mile or kilometre should be slightly slower than the first
- Reset your watch on completion of the test and do a short jog to finish off
When to do it
We recommend the following cycle in our training programmes for the tests:
- During the preparation to begin training or during the leg-strength phase of training
- Week 4 and 8 of your aerobic phase
- Last week of the hill phase
- Every two weeks during the anaerobic phase or stamina phase
- Every two weeks during the coordination phase
- Always at the same time and on the same day of training. We recommend replacing the “out and back” in week 4 and 8 of aerobic training phase and the “progress calibration runs” in the last week of the hill and anaerobic/stamina phases. In the last week of the coordination phase do the test as part of the longer mid-week aerobic run.
- As the “MAF test” is generally easier than “Out and backs” and “PCRs”, you can use the weeks when you do this test as your “step-back” periodisation weeks – e.g. reduce all workouts that week to the shortest durations with a view to fully absorb the previous weeks.
- Every month during racing season when continuing racing after your first peak event
You should not do the test more often than every month as you risk becoming too obsessed with analysing the results in those cases. Your weekly progression of recovery and training is better tracked using our “weekly athlete evaluation” questionnaire.
If you are running 60 minutes or less for your long runs currently, you should perform the MAF test over a 3 mile (5 km) distance instead of the prescribed 5 mile (8 km) above.
Example of results
Example of 5 mile splits for a runner doing a MAF test
How to interpret the results
- If your splits are generally slower than in a previous test generally means one of two things: 1) your recent training has been too hard and not balanced with enough easier running and your aerobic capacity has suffered as a result or 2) you were unusually fatigued before going into the test, this could be the first indicator of general underrecovery/underperformance
- If your splits get progressively faster during each individual test (for example if your first is 7:30, then 7:25 then 7:20), first check that you are running at the correct heart rate. If you were, the results may indicate errors with your heart rate monitor or insufficient warm-up taken before beginning the test.
- Check that your course is as uniform as possible. Running on a very undulating course will not provide a correct reading of results
- Always warm-up well to get your heart rate settled before beginning.
- Check your heart rate monitor is working properly: slightly wet the sensor pads, ensure it is tucked securely under your pectoralis muscles (chest) and does not slide around. Ensure you do not have too many loose layers of clothing creating friction and static electricity.
- Pick the flattest possible course and ensure you access the same course for each test and preferably at the same point of each week following exactly the same preparations. If you have had breakfast before previous runs, then have breakfast before later tests. The less variety in your testing routine, the more reliable results you will get.
- Do the test on a track if you have easy access to one, flat pavements or even trails in parks are great choices. Avoid too soft terrain such as heavy grass.
- Wear the same shoes or type of shoes whenever possible.
- Check your heart rate regularly to ensure you do not deviate too much from the intensity but try, over time, to learn how the pace “feels like” so you do not have to look at your monitor every few seconds.
- Setup your watch to show your heart rate very visibly so checking the reading does not disturb your rhythm too much.
- It is important to do this test more regularly once anaerobic training commences as one or two excessively hard sessions can be enough to start a downward slide in your condition and you need to catch these early to allow enough time to correct course ahead of your peak race.
Rate of perceived effort:
3 (~60-65% of Heart Rate Reserve)
This test works exactly the same for experienced competitors and elites. Such athletes should expect to have very low heart rate readings at speeds up to 6 minutes/miles or beyond. However, sometimes even these runners have severe problems with their aerobic capacity and this test will help them rectify it.
A great example of this is how Mark Allen, the six time Ironman champion, used the test to establish the best training intensity for his aerobic workouts. Working with Dr Phil Maffetone, Allen discovered that at his target heart rate of 155bpm he could run no faster than 8:15 min/mile. Shocked by this findings, Allen proceeded to train for a full year at only aerobic intensities and a year later his pace at 155bpm improved to a blistering 5:20 min/mile. Even better, he reduced his risk of injury and overtraining and propelled himself to unprecedented success in the Ironman event.
AGE MaxHR 75% 80% MAF
18 202 152 162 162
19 201 151 161 161
20 200 150 160 160
21 199 149 159 159
22 198 149 158 158
23 197 148 158 157
24 196 147 157 156
25 195 146 156 155
26 194 146 155 154
27 193 145 154 153
28 192 144 154 152
29 191 143 153 151
30 190 143 152 150
31 189 142 151 149
32 188 141 150 148
33 187 140 150 147
34 186 140 149 146
35 185 139 148 145
36 184 138 147 144
37 183 137 146 143
38 182 137 146 142
39 181 136 145 141
40 180 135 144 140
41 179 134 143 139
42 178 134 142 138
43 177 133 142 137
44 176 132 141 136
45 175 131 140 135
46 174 131 139 134
47 173 130 138 133
48 172 129 138 132
49 171 128 137 131
50 170 128 136 130