Choline is an essential nutrient that is used by the body for a number of important processes.
It's required to produce acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in memory and muscle control. It's also used to build lecithin, a type of fat that is a component of cell membranes, and is involved in the transport and metabolism of cholesterol and certain types of fat.
In addition, choline is used to produce compounds that act as cellular messengers, and it plays a role in the process that methylation, which is involved in DNA expression and detoxification reactions.
Choline can be found in a variety of foods, including eggs, lean meats, fish, nuts, peas, spinach, wheat germ, and kidney beans. The liver can also make choline, but not in sufficient amounts to meet the body's needs, so it's important to get choline from dietary sources.
Although most people get enough choline from their diet, certain groups, such as pregnant women, are often advised to take choline supplements to ensure they're getting enough, as choline is critical for brain development during pregnancy. As always, it's best to consult a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regimen.