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所谓“武毒所释放病毒去蝙蝠洞”的计划,到底该算谁的?

(2021-09-23 06:40:03) 下一个

从下面内容看,说这是武汉病毒所的计划,就好像说老板申请funding的proposal是实验员提出来的。如果这个研究成功了,是否会把主要的credit给武汉病毒所呢?

The actual documents of the DEFUSE proposal are not available. The following is from DRASTIC website:

Principal Investigator:

  P. Daszak

 

Technical Area 1 Host-Pathogen Prediction:
  Ross: Predictive and validation models; data management
  Olival: Host-pathogen models
  Zambrana: Special models; Biogeography

  Wang/Baric: Validation in laboratory

  Shi: Multispecies viral detection
  Zhu: Specimen collection; Bat host ecology
  Zhang: Field logistics

 

Technical Area 2 Intervention Development:

  Rocke: Lab and field deployment; Safety and efficacy

  Karesh: Intervention policy and scale

  Ross: Intervention deployment models

  Unidad: Deployment mechanics; Scalable delivery

  Baric: Targeted boosting; Humanized mice

  Epstein: Captive bats; Field deployment

  Shi: Suppression validation

  Wang: Broadscale boosting; Captive experiments; Batified mice

 

 

The proposal for wide scale inoculation of bats in the wild using aerosolized inoculum delivery has never been publicly released or opened to the wider scientific community for discussion as to potential risks associated with this plan. This is a specialist area of research of Dr Rocke, Dr. Ainslie and Dr. Unidad (PARC) who have previously researched and developed the technological solutions necessary to make this possible:

 

Dr. Jerome Unidad is a researcher PARC, (2018a) at PARC (owned by Xerox) (PARC, 2018d), who developed the Filament Extension Atomizer (FEA) (PARC, 2019). This technology is used to spray bats with scalable high viscosity mists that stick to their skin or that are edible (PARC, 2018c).
PARC previously partnered with NHWC to develop a vaccine for White Nose Syndrome (WNS) for US bats, using FEA as the technological solution to administer vaccines via aerosol delivery (PARC, 2018b).

 

Dr. Tonie Rocke is a researcher at USGS National Wildlife Health Centre (NWHC in the DEFUSE proposal). She has previously worked on transdermal application of vaccines against rabies in vampire bats ``The feasibility of controlling rabies in vampire bats through topical application of vaccines” (USFWS, 2019), also “Infectivity of attenuated poxvirus vaccine vectors and immunogenicity of a raccoon pox vectored rabies vaccine in the Brazilian Free-tailed bat” (Stading et al., 2016). There were doubts and concerns about her work:

“These vaccine candidates use a viral vector (attenuated raccoon poxvirus, RCN) genetically modified to express highly-conserved fungal and specific Pd antigens. While these vaccines and other potential treatments continue to be developed, there is a need for safe and effective methods of treatment delivery” (USFWS, 2019).

Another similar project:
“We recently developed a new recombinant rabies vaccine specifically for bats with available sequences from the rabies Phylogroup I glycoprotein. This sequence was cloned into raccoon pox virus (RCN) and the efficacy of this novel RCN-MoG vaccine was tested in big brown bats. Field studies are currently being conducted in Peru and Mexico to test the feasibility of oral and topical delivery of vaccine and transfer rates between vampire batsusing biomarker-labelled jelly (without vaccine)” EEFMVZ (2021).

 

Dr. Ainslie is a Professor at the UNC Department of Biomedical Engineering and the UNC Department of Microbiology and Immunology (Pharmacy UNC, 2021), who works on new polymers for vaccines and electrospray for fabrication of immune targeting microparticles (nanoparticles).
Her publications include “Historical Perspective of Clinical Nano and Microparticle Formulations for Delivery of Therapeutics'' (Batty et al., 2021), “Electrospray for generation of drug delivery and vaccine particles applied in vitro and in vivo” (Steipel et .,2019). “Injectable, Ribbon-Like Microconfetti Biopolymer Platform for Vaccine APPLICATIONS'' (Moore et al., 2020), “Considerations for Size, Surface Charge, Polymer Degradation, Co‐Delivery, and Manufacturability in the Development of Polymeric Particle Vaccines for Infectious Diseases” (Genito et al.,2020).

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