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伊藤牡丹的传奇故事

(2020-06-19 19:35:46) 下一个

伊藤牡丹,是一种漂亮的花儿,也是一个传奇故事!它的美丽来源于伟大的植物学家伊藤博士,经历了几千次的试验,一次又一次的失败,最后不言放弃而来。这个过程里面,充分体现了日本人的匠人精神和执着劲头。伊藤博士成功的将黄牡丹花粉授给了白的芍药并收获了种子。再从种子发芽,长成植株,长达八年以后始开放。可惜伊藤老先生没能看见他创造出的花儿。这样的精神,现在的快餐文化,会有几个人有这份沉着的心思,做这样的事情?

这份创造出来的美丽,真的是不可方物。把它成功推广并发扬光大的美国人。伊藤牡丹,真心值得拥有。

从一棵小小的植株,长成今天这样的繁花满枝,花了整整五年时间。

今年一共开了二十几朵花儿,有一半被剪来插花了

每一个看见这花开的人,都忍不住赞叹它的美丽。相对于它的亩母父系花期,它的花期挺长,可以说是吸收了他们的精华

不同的时间段,光影的变化

千姿百态,梦想成真

伊藤牡丹的传奇故事 https://www.americanmeadows.com/perennials/peony/all-about-itoh-peonies 

The Fascinating Story of Itoh Hybrid Peonies

Itoh peonies began as a hybridizer’s fantasy—which was to cross tree peonies with herbaceous peonies and thus to produce a new kind of plant that offers the best features of both parents.

For many years and in several countries, hybridizers had unsuccessfully pursued this goal. One difficulty was because the bloom times for the two types of peony are several weeks apart, making cross-fertilization difficult.

Also, although tree and herbaceous peonies are both members of the huge genus Paeonia, genetically they are actually not that closely related, contributing to the problem of creating a cross that would produce viable progeny.

Because of these genetic differences between tree and herbaceous peonies, modern taxonomists have actually assigned them to different ‘sections’ within the main Paeonia genus. And for this reason, these modern hybrids are sometimes called ‘Intersectional’ peonies.

A dream came true

Dr. Toichi Itoh, a Japanese botanist, toiling in the aftermath of the horrors of World War II, was the first person to successfully combine the pollen from a tree peony with the ovary of an herbaceous peony.

He was totally consumed with this monumental hybridization challenge and made thousands of attempts. Finally in 1948 his dream came true—a few of his seeds germinated. But it would take over a decade of patient oversight before those seedlings grew to full size and produced flowers. Then in 1956, eight years after his successful crosses, sadly Dr. Itoh passed away.

So it fell to his family to nurture those special plants, finally bringing them to flower in 1964. Eventually an American botanist, Louis Smirnow, got permission from Dr. Itoh’s widow to bring some plants to the USA where he patented four hybrid peonies—which he named Itoh hybrids— featuring huge buttery yellow flowers.

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polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 '石假装' 的评论 : 幸好不是所有的国家都如此急功近利!
石假装 回复 悄悄话 跟伊藤研究8年花相似,上世纪初日本为研究一套适合西方人的餐具用了12年,得以大量出口西方。从那时起日本瓷器超过了中国。。看着那套餐具时也想,中国人不会为一套餐具用12年的。
polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 '彩烟游士' 的评论 : 伊藤牡丹的确非常漂亮,值得种
彩烟游士 回复 悄悄话 谢谢你讲的故事!伊藤牡丹真的值得拥有!
polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 'ziqiao123' 的评论 : 我买的苗小,两年开花,开始两年花比较少,现在很好了,据说多的株可以开到五十朵,很好养
ziqiao123 回复 悄悄话 真的是漂亮。要长五年才开花啊?不过这么漂亮的花也值得等待。
polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 '阿邕' 的评论 : 你的明年就会很好了,你那棵看起来非常健康。我的去年也开了二十几朵,现在它长得比较宽了,跟牡丹挤在一起,我想分一点出来,发现比较困难,它的根跟芍药不一样。
polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 '喜清静' 的评论 : 这个花就是前面两年耐心点,以后会越来越好!
阿邕 回复 悄悄话 五年就开这么多花,让人期待ing.
喜清静 回复 悄悄话 我今年也买了两颗伊藤芍药。出来的芽儿比别的粗多了。希望明年能开出和小棍儿熊家一样漂亮的花儿。
polebear 回复 悄悄话 回复 '如斯' 的评论 : 倒伏跟品种关系大,我的白色的芍药也是临西墙,倒伏得厉害,用西红柿圈儿有一点帮助。同样一排别的品种不倒。伊藤最大的好处是不倒伏,挺好。我想慢慢再收一点伊藤品种,比较好种。我的理解如果芍药能长,伊藤就应该没有问题
如斯 回复 悄悄话 我有四棵芍药,种在屋子西侧,茎抽很长,年年倒伏,只好搭架子。是太阳不足?想着要替换它们,伊藤牡丹能行不?
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