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电脑硬件备忘

(2016-06-02 17:15:47) 下一个

1. 几种DELL Laptop

Laptop键盘的键拆换,D620/D820不同:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCYOiK9QP08 实际用钟表扁起子或指甲由上两角挑起即出,重装按下。即便D620也有多款键盘,有的键帽要拆的仅剩黑塑料,其余机构装好后在加盖帽。

1.1 D620/630(64bit):4/24/2006, Core Duo如T2400 1.83G L2=2M 32bit,Core 2 Duo如T7200 2G L2=4M 64bit性能提高35%可DIY替换,SODIMM DDR2 CL5 533/667M 4Gmax(分别在键盘下和背面槽盖下), 14.1"XGA1440x900(D15输出头),SATA-150, 1G lan/802.11, express card 34mm, 串口,4/6cell battery 14.8V, 19.5V 3.34/4.62A power adapter; RAM改容量后会显示信息要等才弹出选项可按F1继续:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CaeKW4kVRA0 http://www.dell.com/downloads/us/products/latit/dfamily_docking.pdf 驱动:http://en.community.dell.com/support-forums/laptop/f/3518/t/19443652 

后盖打开有WWAN即手机类无线网口,有GSM,LTE4G等多种标准,取下电池可见SIM插座。这两者均非标配。

1.2 D820:4/24/2006, 仅Core 2 Duo支持EMT64,其余是32bit(XP贴纸),CPU 1.6-2G, SODIMM DDR2 CL5 533/667M 4Gmax(分别在键盘下和背面槽盖下), 15.4"WXGA(x,D15输出),SATA-150, 1G lan/802.11, express card 54mm, 串口,6/9cell battery, 19.5V4.62A power adapter,其余类似D620。

1.3 E4200: 12/08/2008,Core2 Duo 1.6G,DDR3-1G + 4G PC3-1066(run at 800M) - max 4G, 12.1"WXGA1280x800 D15输出,4/6 cell batery,45-85W AC,802.11 g/n,GPS+Bluetooth,USB2,USB2/eSata, 1394,ExpressCard 34,SD/MMC,E series dock. 无光驱,SSD 64/128GB 1.8" uSATA: http://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_nkw=128GB+SSD+Mini+SATA+1.8%22  http://www.dell.com/support/home/us/en/19/product-support/product/latitude-e4200/manuals 

1.4 E6400/10:4/08/2010,quad core i7 620M 2.67G 4MBL3,SODIMM DDR3 1066-1333(run at 1066,亦即PC3-10600与E6420同) 2x4GB, 14.1" WXGA 1440x900+NVS 3100M+DP+1394, SATAI 3GB/sI, 1G lan, A-GPS, BlueTooth 3, 3-4xUSB2,eSata+USB,1394,express card 54mm, 6/9cell battery 11.1V通用于6400系列, 19.5V 60-90W power adapter; E-Dock has 5xUSB,2xeSata/USB and PRT.eSATA uses ICH9M-E controller thus doesn't support PMP. TRIM. eSATA和CDbay盘均可启动。E6400的主要差别是DDR2-800M,2008推出,Core2Due 2.26G,Intel GMA 4500MHD。

For capabilities see http://www.intel.com/support/chipsets/imsm/sb/cs-022304.htm
Does TRIM and 3Gb/s (SATA II)https://ata.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/SATA_hardware_features 

E6410喇叭:右端微声,左端声小,耳机无声。BIOS检测声微(启动BIOS检测在彩条后输入N可听见声音)。下述为更换视频,觉得可以只由前面打开,右侧喇叭线剪断重焊就是: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmMYjhF92m0#t=3m28s
CMOS电池:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wi5m8F-KIM4#t=20s
E6410 sleep不能复原。DELL此类问题特多经年。一个办法是删除/禁止任何O2Micro驱动。在Control Panel的Storage下,或Administrative Tools?Services (Local, Extended Tab), I noticed the following: "O2SDIOAssist" chugging away. I set the service to "Disabled" and rebooted. 但我的机子并无此项。
. In the search box, type troubleshooter, and then click Troubleshooting.Under System and Security, click Improve power usage.
. 最后发现Hibrate可复原,sleep不行。禁止所有sleep,lid设为hibrate,power button设为shutdown,加屏幕延时。这样,长时间不用时和盖即关机,再按电源按钮可恢复现场。改WIN10后问题基本解决,但google拼音热键时不时无效需鼠标点击。

1.5 E6420:09/2011?,quad core 8CPU i7-2720QM 2.2G 6MBL3,SODIMM DDR3  1600(run at 1066,亦即PC3-10600与E6420同) 8GB, 14.1" WXGA 1440x900+NVS 3100M+DP+1394, SATAI 6GB/sI, 1G lan, A-GPS, BlueTooth 3, 3-3xUSB2,eSata,HDMI+VGA,express card, 9cell battery, 19.5V 90W power adapter; E-Dock has 5xUSB,2xeSata/USB and PRT.eSATA uses ICH9M-E controller thus doesn't support PMP. TRIM. eSATA和CDbay盘均可启动。

1.6 Dock

D-Dock has 4xUSB,PRT,1G LAN,stereo & SPDIF,VGA & DVI.

E-Dock少了SPDIF,多了Display port/HDMI,eSATA(可启动)。其中EPort pr03x单个Display port/HDMI,pr02x(E-PortPlus)有两个,最新的还有USB3:http://sjcblogs.sanjac.edu/its/files/2012/04/E-PortPlusUserGuide.pdf  http://sjcblogs.sanjac.edu/its/files/2012/04/E-PortPlusUserGuide.pdf 

1.7 WLAN & WWAN

E6410 WLAN是6300agn可改7260/8260ac,但前者有三天线后者二:http://www.legitreviews.com/upgrading-an-old-dell-latitude-laptop-with-the-intel-7260-hmw-802-11ac-wireless-card_135084 驱动https://downloadcenter.intel.com/product/75439/Intel-Dual-Band-Wireless-AC-7260  要观察速率,Control Panel|Network and Internet|Network Connections再点击wifi。https://downloadcenter.intel.com/product/75439/Intel-Dual-Band-Wireless-AC-7260 注意E6410是mini-PCIe接口用7260HMW,台式主板多用M.2接口型号为7260NGW;两者都是2230即宽长度。港奸有把802.11n标为802.11ac卖的。

E6410 WLAN的左侧(后盖打开)是WWAN即手机类无线网口,有GSM,LTE4G等多种标准,SIM插座在电池下面。这两者均非标配。E6410 WWAN是full height Mini PCIe 30×50.95mm,WLAN是half height Mini PCIe 30×26.8 mm,接口是一样的。

1. 8 维修

CMOS电池:  http://youmeit.net/post/1637.html 先卸LED护盖,再翻转键盘,去掉挡在纽扣电池上的电缆,拔出电池电线。卸护盖时由右至左,先撬开右侧。护盖上下销子需往后方(鼠标方向)取出。键盘上方两侧有两个螺丝,卸下后键盘往前方(铰链方)移除翻转。这时可见纽扣电池。挡住电池的电缆,左侧插座卡向上翻转90度即可取出,再拔掉电池的接线即可更换。

电池报告:搜索cmd,左点击选admin运行;Win10下powercfg /batteryreport,W7下powercfg -energy;打开报告文件有设计功率与全充下功率值,如6410设计为94.5Wh现在还剩32Wh。电池Q&Ahttp://www.dell.com/support/article/cn/zh/cndhs1/sln128667/笔记本电脑电池常见问题?lang=zh 官网http://www.ecpow.cn/DELL-laptop-battery/ E6410电池http://www.ecpow.cn/DELL-laptop-battery/Latitude-E6400.html  https://www.800pc.com/dell-latitude-e6410-replacement-laptop-notebook-battery-111v-7800mah_p45555.html https://www.ebay.com/itm/Battery-For-Dell-Latitude-E6400-E6410-E6500-E6510-PT434-Laptop-Power-Supply-us-/253106679861  

口令重置:启动计算机,按“F8”选Safe Mode,电脑进入安全模式;选管理员帐户进入命令行方式,键入:net user 看用户,再键入:net user <用户名> <新密码>待命令成功完成;重新启动用刚设置的用户名和密码登录。

ebay上AKE express/eSATA卡支持PMP: http://forum.thinkpads.com/viewtopic.php?t=117104 也有express转多扣USB3可用来接驳USB3口外接硬盘。

Jmicro/LMB394 port multiplier:

2. SONY VAIO PCG-GRT100:

原版是XP,现版是win7中文旗舰,显示已激活。没有audio,ethernet驱动。看是2.2-2.4M P4 CPU,XGA,RAM是PC2100 266M DDR,最大1G,已装768M。硬盘最大80G,现装60G分了两区。有1394,DVDROM,USB2但启动选项中没有USB。Sony这个网站没有win7的支持:https://esupport.sony.com/US/p/model-home.pl?mdl=PCGGRT100&template_id=1&region_id=1&tab=download#/downloadTab

驱动:http://www.driverscape.com/manufacturers/sony/laptops-desktops/pcg-grt100(uc)/5141 仅LAN/FWEXT即可,音频不能用没找着

win7 ghost未试:www.windowszj.com/win7/2167.html 

3. Lenovo

DIY USB receovery:http://www.tpuser.idv.tw/wp/?p=2819?  https://pcsupport.lenovo.com/us/en/lenovorecovery?  

3.1 X1 Carbon

 

3.2 T440P

https://webdoc.lenovo.com.cn/lenovowsi/new_cskb/att/106695/ThinkPad T440p用户指南V4.0.pdf  书含错误代码。机子左侧有mini displayport和2xUSB3口及四合一读卡器,右侧2xUSB2可配置为alway on使睡眠时仍能对手机充电,电池仓内有SIM卡槽。合盖后thinkpad的i上点LED点亮/慢闪/灭表示正常态/sleep/hibrate-off。后盖打开后左上为WLAN/WWAN卡右下为硬盘。电源为3.25A,有电池时2.25A也可。F7双显,F8Fn+ESCwifi,Fn+ESC启/停Fn锁定,Fn+空格键启/停键盘背光。点击鼠标板右下角为右键,点击左半区为左键。滚屏可用双指在鼠标板上滑动,或按鼠标板的点状条的同时用指点杆,还可类似手机作缩放;触摸屏不如DELL可靠但灵敏度稍高。可用手机4线带mic耳机。

联想多配20V2A电源没有电池的时候供电不足,我有旧的圆头的买了方头的adapter结果偏小,最后是用DELL 19.5V的加2.1/5.5圆头再配方头用。

4. Toshiba 50HP16 TV: http://www.hdtvsolutions.com/pdf/50hp16_om_e.pdf 

HDMI2+stereo,HDMI1+LR+VGA,HD-1+LR,HD-2+LR,Video1(CVBS+S)+LR,Video2(CVBS+S)+LR;HD VideoOut+LR+SPDIF+coax audio. 建议配置:BlueRay=HDMI2,PC=HDMI1+LR+VGA,DVD=HD-1 or Video1-S+LR。

5. eSATA
eSATA是没有电源的,到eSATAp或称eSATA-USB combo才有。后者把USB放在下面,当然就有5V了,两侧是可选的12V,通常desktop才有。


eSATA port eSATAUSB port USB enter image description here

enter image description here eSATAp enter image description here

enter image description here eSATAp on notebook enter image description here

How to check if my eSATAp port provides 12V power?

To know if your eSATAp can supply 12v or no, check the existence of P12 and P13 pins inside the port as it showing in the pictures. Also you can probe P12 and P13 using DMM(Digital multimeter)

6. 网线和RJ45 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8P8C#Types
如果没记错,电话线接头RJ11/6P6C只用两线,网线接头RJ45/8P8C复杂些,100M双绞线是CAT5e(CAT5互扰要求低)收发各一对(余下仍可用作其它用途比如电话或网络供电),250M双绞线是CAT6用全部四对来支持1G,HD的线属于此类,但是有的未必能支持到1G,或者只能在几米内上到1G。CAT5是 24AWG,5e和6都该是23AWG的铜线,铝线镀铜如Amazon上的一些就比较差了,应当是满足不了标准对电阻率的要求的。国产还有部分对为铁线的。因此若想上1G还是350M的线靠谱些。 500/600/1000M的分别是CAT6a、CAT7、CAT7a线了。10GBaseT为500M,可选550/600M的线。
插头虽然都是CAT45规格,但23/24AWG的线槽卡子有点差别,有的卖家都不知道的。通常两头都是一样的接法T568A,除非两机不通过switch/router直接对接,这时一头为T568B收发倒反。

http://pinoutguide.com/Net/poe_pinout.shtml 


http://www.cablesondemand.com/Library/InfoManage/SearchItems.asp?&Action=Search&LookFor=cat6+550&gclid=CPP0ma230r4CFQqIfgodlAEAXQ
http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=bl_sr_pc?ie=UTF8&field-brandtextbin=Monoprice&node=541966

7. 路由器、共享、打印机
linux打印共享: http://bbs.wenxuecity.com/computer/212644.html
路由评测:http://net.zol.com.cn/422/4220576.html
mac共享PC: http://ubb.frostyplace.com/viewtopic.php?t=14420
PC共享问题:http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/134472-45-file-sharing-domain-workgroup
路由器: Netgear 6300V2
打印机: Brother MFC- J4510DW带传真双面打,打印质量一般。J4510/J4710均可打印11x17“但后者是自动进纸。原装墨水LC103(600页)/5(1200页)/7。Ebay墨水4盒$7,可加墨一套墨盒墨水$30。纸厚<=220gsm

http://www.ebay.com/itm/Refillable-Ink-Cartridges-Ink-For-Brother-MFC-J4510DW-J4610DW-J4710DW-LC103-/181234967841?pt=US_Ink_Cartridges&hash=item2a32722521
USB3-SATAIII Raid0/1: StarTech S3520WU33ER

8 杂项

8.1 耳机接线的不同标准
目前2.5mm接头很少,绝大多数是3.5mm,但由最初的单声道、双声道到附带麦克风,后者接线较乱:
http://forums.wpcentral.com/windows-phone-8-guides-how-tos/249287-note-headset-standards-omtp-ahj-apple.html
就 是说有两个标准,早的Open Mobile Terminal Platform (OMTP) 和American Headset Jack (AHJ),后者又叫Cellular Telecommunications & Internet Association(CTIA),apple用CTIA。

8.2 .显示器  $238 Acer H276HL
网上说: 视频多就cx240;网页多就ev2436,ev2736; 游戏和电影都多就fs2333-a;
想尝试其他牌子的话,benq bl2411pt,hp 2480zx, dell 2713hm, viewsonic vp2770-led
http://www.newegg.com/Product/ProductList.aspx?Submit=ENE&N=100007617%20600416635%20600012694&IsNodeId=1&name=2560%20x%201440
1920*1080:HDMI port when OS is OS X, Mini DP to DVI-Single adapter with DVI-D cable
2560*1440: Mini DP to DP cable /Mini DP to DVI-dual link adapter with DVI-D cable
http://www.technologyx.com/featured/qnix-qx2710-27-2560x1440-monitor-review/
http://www.amazon.com/gp/cdp/member-reviews/A7U2VVR80NPXR/ref=pdp_new_read_full_review_link?ie=UTF8&page=1&sort_by=MostRecentReview#R1LP1W0PIYI05

8.3 键盘/鼠标

PS/2键盘/鼠标接线一样,DIN6的1345是Data/Gnd/+5V/Clk。后期两个DIN6合二为一,1345不变例如键盘,26作为鼠标的Data/Clk。Female接脚如图,Male的脚号奇偶反转。IBM二合一键盘的1345=白黑红棕,鼠标的1345=绿蓝橙黄。

8.4 其它

PL2303 driver:Ebay买的USB to TTL,原厂最新驱动不能用,旧版可以:http://dl.pconline.com.cn/download/827570.html  

USB3修复:Transcent USB3不被Win7识别或格式化,下此软件修复:https://www.transcend-info.com/Support/Software-3/ 

HP Compaq DC5800 SFF: VGA/DVI,PRT,USB, 

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