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斯皮尔伯格2016年哈佛大学演讲

(2016-07-24 23:46:06) 下一个
 


Filmmaker Steven Spielberg Speech | Harvard Commencement 2016


史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格是国际著名的电影导演、编剧和电影制作人,他拍摄的广为影迷们所熟知的电影有:《大白鲨》《Jaws》 、《E.T.》、《侏罗纪公园》《Jurassic Park》等,并以影片《辛德勒名单》《Schindler's List》和《拯救大兵瑞恩》《Saving Private Ryan》而两次荣获奥斯卡金像奖。

史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格在哈佛大学毕业典礼上的演讲非常精彩,言简意赅,自然亲切,生动风趣。在演讲中,他谈到了自己的童年经历(childhood experience),电影事业(film career),家人和友情(family and friendship),“定义角色的时刻”(Character-Defining Moment)) ,“倾听内心低语”(listen to your internal whisper)等,最后他“祝愿大家好莱坞式的大团圆结局成真(a true, Hollywood-style happy ending),为了你们的父母,也别忘了像E.T.那样常回家看看。(for your parents’ sake, maybe every now and then, just like E.T.: Go home.)” 以下是演讲视频和全文。

**************************

Thank you, thank you, President Faust, and Paul Choi, thank you so much.

It’s an honor and a thrill to address this group of distinguished alumni and supportive friends and kvelling parents. We’ve all gathered to share in the joy of this day, so please join me in congratulating Harvard’s Class of 2016.

I can remember my own college graduation, which is easy, since it was only 14 years ago. How many of you took 37 years to graduate? Because, like most of you, I began college in my teens, but sophomore year, I was offered my dream job at Universal Studios, so I dropped out. I told my parents if my movie career didn’t go well, I’d re-enroll.

It went all right.

(Walk the walk-- Re-enrolled at college)

But eventually, I returned for one big reason. Most people go to college for an education, and some go for their parents, but I went for my kids. I’m the father of seven, and I kept insisting on the importance of going to college, but I hadn’t walked the walk. So, in my fifties, I re-enrolled at Cal State -- Long Beach, and I earned my degree.

I just have to add: It helped that they gave me course credit in paleontology for the work I did on Jurassic Park. That’s three units for Jurassic Park, thank you.

Well I left college because I knew exactly what I wanted to do, and some of you know, too -- but some of you don’t. Or maybe you thought you knew but are now questioning that choice. Maybe you’re sitting there trying to figure out how to tell your parents that you want to be a doctor and not a comedy writer.

(Character-Defining Moment)

Well, what you choose to do next is what we call in the movies the ‘character-defining moment.’ Now, these are moments you’re very familiar with, like in the last Star Wars: The Force Awakens, when Rey realizes the force is with her. Or Indiana Jones choosing mission over fear by jumping over a pile of snakes.

Now in a two-hour movie, you get a handful of character-defining moments, but in real life, you face them every day. Life is one strong, long string of character-defining moments. And I was lucky that at 18 I knew what I exactly wanted to do. But I didn’t know who I was. How could I? And how could any of us? Because for the first 25 years of our lives, we are trained to listen to voices that are not our own. Parents and professors fill our heads with wisdom and information, and then employers and mentors take their place and explain how this world really works.

And usually these voices of authority make sense, but sometimes, doubt starts to creep into our heads and into our hearts. And even when we think, ‘that’s not quite how I see the world,’ it’s kind of easier to just to nod in agreement and go along, and for a while, I let that going along define my character. Because I was repressing my own point of view, because like in that Nilsson song, ‘Everybody was talkin’ at me, so I couldn’t hear the echoes of my mind.’

(Follow the Internal Voice)

And at first, the internal voice I needed to listen to was hardly audible, and it was hardly noticeable -- kind of like me in high school. But then I started paying more attention, and my intuition kicked in.

And I want to be clear that your intuition is different from your conscience. They work in tandem, but here’s the distinction: Your conscience shouts, ‘here’s what you should do,’ while your intuition whispers, ‘here’s what you could do.’ Listen to that voice that tells you what you could do. Nothing will define your character more than that.

Because once I turned to my intuition, and I tuned into it, certain projects began to pull me into them, and others, I turned away from.

And up until the 1980s, my movies were mostly, I guess what you could call ‘escapist.’ And I don’t dismiss any of these movies -- not even 1941. Not even that one. And many of these early films reflected the values that I cared deeply about, and I still do. But I was in a celluloid bubble, because I’d cut my education short, my worldview was limited to what I could dream up in my head, not what the world could teach me.

But then I directed The Color Purple. And this one film opened my eyes to experiences that I never could have imagined, and yet were all too real. This story was filled with deep pain and deeper truths, like when Shug Avery says, ‘Everything wants to be loved.’ My gut, which was my intuition, told me that more people needed to meet these characters and experience these truths. And while making that film, I realized that a movie could also be a mission.

I hope all of you find that sense of mission. Don’t turn away from what’s painful. Examine it. Challenge it.

My job is to create a world that lasts two hours. Your job is to create a world that lasts forever. You are the future innovators, motivators, leaders and caretakers.

(Study the Past)

And the way you create a better future is by studying the past. Jurassic Park writer Michael Crichton, who graduated from both this college and this medical school, liked to quote a favorite professor of his who said that if you didn’t know history, you didn’t know anything. You were a leaf that didn’t know it was part of a tree. So history majors: Good choice, you’re in great shape...Not in the job market, but culturally.

The rest of us have to make a little effort. Social media that we’re inundated and swarmed with is about the here and now. But I’ve been fighting and fighting inside my own family to get all my kids to look behind them, to look at what already has happened. Because to understand who they are is to understand who were were, and who their grandparents were, and then, what this country was like when they emigrated here. We are a nation of immigrants -- at least for now.

So to me, this means we all have to tell our own stories. We have so many stories to tell. Talk to your parents and your grandparents, if you can, and ask them about their stories. And I promise you, like I have promised my kids, you will not be bored.

And that’s why I so often make movies based on real-life events. I look to history not to be didactic, ‘cause that’s just a bonus, but I look because the past is filled with the greatest stories that have ever been told. Heroes and villains are not literary constructs, but they’re at the heart of all history.

(Listen to Your Internal Whisper)

And again, this is why it’s so important to listen to your internal whisper. It’s the same one that compelled Abraham Lincoln and Oskar Schindler to make the correct moral choices. In your defining moments, do not let your morals be swayed by convenience or expediency. Sticking to your character requires a lot of courage. And to be courageous, you’re going to need a lot of support.

(Family)

And if you’re lucky, you have parents like mine. I consider my mom my lucky charm. And when I was 12 years old, my father handed me a movie camera, the tool that allowed me to make sense of this world. And I am so grateful to him for that. And I am grateful that he’s here at Harvard, sitting right down there.

My dad is 99 years old, which means he’s only one year younger than Widener Library. But unlike Widener, he’s had zero cosmetic work. And dad, there’s a lady behind you, also 99, and I’ll introduce you after this is over, okay?

(Friendship and Love)

But look, if your family’s not always available, there’s backup. Near the end of It’s a Wonderful Life -- you remember that movie, It’s a Wonderful Life? Clarence the Angel inscribes a book with this: “No man is a failure who has friends.” And I hope you hang on to the friendships you’ve made here at Harvard. And among your friends, I hope you find someone you want to share your life with. I imagine some of you in this yard may be a tad cynical, but I want to be unapologetically sentimental. I spoke about the importance of intuition and how there’s no greater voice to follow. That is, until you meet the love of your life. And this is what happened when I met and married Kate, and that became the greatest character-defining moment of my life.

Love, support, courage, intuition. All of these things are in your hero’s quiver, but still, a hero needs one more thing: A hero needs a villain to vanquish. And you’re all in luck. This world is full of monsters. And there’s racism, homophobia, ethnic hatred, class hatred, there’s political hatred, and there’s religious hatred.

(Childhood experience)

As a kid, I was bullied -- for being Jewish. This was upsetting, but compared to what my parents and grandparents had faced, it felt tame. Because we truly believed that anti-Semitism was fading. And we were wrong. Over the last two years, nearly 20,000 Jews have left Europe to find higher ground. And earlier this year, I was at the Israeli embassy when President Obama stated the sad truth. He said: ‘We must confront the reality that around the world, anti-Semitism is on the rise. We cannot deny it.’

My own desire to confront that reality compelled me to start, in 1994, the Shoah Foundation. And since then, we’ve spoken to over 53,000 Holocaust survivors and witnesses in 63 countries and taken all their video testimonies. And we’re now gathering testimonies from genocides in Rwanda, Cambodia, Armenia and Nanking. Because we must never forget that the inconceivable doesn’t happen -- it happens frequently. Atrocities are happening right now. And so we wonder not just, ‘When will this hatred end?’ but, ‘How did it begin?’

Now, I don’t have to tell a crowd of Red Sox fans that we are wired for tribalism. But beyond rooting for the home team, tribalism has a much darker side. Instinctively and maybe even genetically, we divide the world into ‘us’ and ‘them.’ So the burning question must be: How do all of us together find the ‘we?’ How do we do that? There’s still so much work to be done, and sometimes I feel the work hasn’t even begun. And it’s not just anti-Semitism that’s surging -- Islamophobia’s on the rise, too. Because there’s no difference between anyone who is discriminated against, whether it’s the Muslims, or the Jews, or minorities on the border states, or the LGBT community -- it is all big one hate.

(Humanity)

And to me, and, I think, to all of you, the only answer to more hate is more humanity. We gotta repair -- we have to replace fear with curiosity. ‘Us’ and ‘them’ -- we’ll find the ‘we’ by connecting with each other. And by believing that we’re members of the same tribe. And by feeling empathy for every soul -- even Yalies.

My son graduated from Yale, thank you …

But make sure this empathy isn’t just something that you feel. Make it something you act upon. That means vote. Peaceably protest. Speak up for those who can’t and speak up for those who may be shouting but aren’t being hard. Let your conscience shout as loud as it wants if you’re using it in the service of others.

And as an example of action in service of others, you need to look no further than this Hollywood-worthy backdrop of Memorial Church. Its south wall bears the names of Harvard alumni -- like President Faust has already mentioned -- students and faculty members, who gave their lives in World War II. All told, 697 souls, who once tread the ground where stand now, were lost. And at a service in this church in late 1945, Harvard President James Conant -- which President Faust also mentioned -- honored the brave and called upon the community to ‘reflect the radiance of their deeds.’

Seventy years later, this message still holds true. Because their sacrifice is not a debt that can be repaid in a single generation. It must be repaid with every generation. Just as we must never forget the atrocities, we must never forget those who fought for freedom. So as you leave this college and head out into the world, continue please to ‘reflect the radiance of their deeds,’ or as Captain Miller in Saving Private Ryan would say, “Earn this.”

(Human connection)

And please stay connected. Please never lose eye contact. This may not be a lesson you want to hear from a person who creates media, but we are spending more time looking down at our devices than we are looking in each other’s eyes. So, forgive me, but let’s start right now. Everyone here, please find someone’s eyes to look into. Students, and alumni and you too, President Faust, all of you, turn to someone you don’t know or don’t know very well. They may be standing behind you, or a couple of rows ahead. Just let your eyes meet. That’s it. That emotion you’re feeling is our shared humanity mixed in with a little social discomfort.

But, if you remember nothing else from today, I hope you remember this moment of human connection. And I hope you all had a lot of that over the past four years. Because today you start down the path of becoming the generation on which the next generation stands. And I’ve imagined many possible futures in my films, but you will determine the actual future. And I hope that it’s filled with justice and peace.

And finally, I wish you all a true, Hollywood-style happy ending. I hope you outrun the T. rex, catch the criminal and for your parents’ sake, maybe every now and then, just like E.T.: Go home. Thank you.

 


 

Rebecca Lin 2016 Summer In USA 
 
 

 

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京燕花园 回复 悄悄话 亲爱的贝卡,祝你们阖家圣诞快乐,很想念你和叶子姐姐!
freemanli01 回复 悄悄话 林贝卡哪里去了?还好吧。
肖庄 回复 悄悄话 贝卡春安!
安娜晴天 回复 悄悄话 很久没见到贝卡了,你们好吗?惦记你们,祝你们全家,宝贝们新年愉快,吉祥如意。
南山松 回复 悄悄话 问好贝卡!感恩节快乐!
花甲老翁 回复 悄悄话 问好麗必加!中秋節快樂!
南山松 回复 悄悄话 问好贝卡!中秋快乐!
花甲老翁 回复 悄悄话 麗必加好,恭祝你母親節快樂.
尼斯 回复 悄悄话 贝卡还久不见,遥祝贝卡母亲节幸福快乐!
尼斯 回复 悄悄话 贝卡还久不见,遥祝贝卡母亲节幸福快乐!
DUMARTINI 回复 悄悄话 來看看老朋友,你都好吗?
问春好
夏宁
秋喜
冬安
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '安娜晴天' 的评论 :

谢谢晴,祝你和安娜宝贝春节快乐。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '缘自知音' 的评论 :

谢谢缘自知音,祝你春节快乐。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '花甲老翁' 的评论 :

谢谢花甲,祝你鸡年健康幸福。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松,春节快乐。
安娜晴天 回复 悄悄话 给林贝卡全家拜年,新年愉快,健康平安,吉祥如意,心想事成, 宝贝们红包满满的!
缘自知音 回复 悄悄话 春节的钟声敲响祝福,漫天的雪花洋溢温馨。以真挚热诚的祝福,在春节之际表示思念之情。辞旧迎新,愿你心想事成,快乐幸福满溢!祝春节快乐,新年幸福!
花甲老翁 回复 悄悄话 恭祝新春快樂,萬事如意,心想事成,步步高陞.
南山松 回复 悄悄话 祝贝卡阖家春节快乐!万事如意!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '菲儿天地' 的评论 :

谢谢菲儿,新年快乐。
菲儿天地 回复 悄悄话 祝福贝卡,新年快乐!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '安娜晴天' 的评论 :

晴,我收到你来自佛罗伦萨最美好的问候,谢谢你。祝福你和安娜宝贝2017年幸福吉祥如意。
安娜晴天 回复 悄悄话 祝福贝卡全家,新年快乐,健康如意! 来自佛罗伦萨最美好的问候!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 'erdong' 的评论 :

问候尔东,新年快乐。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松,新年快乐。
erdong 回复 悄悄话 问好贝卡!祝全家新年快乐!
南山松 回复 悄悄话 祝贝卡阖家新年快乐! 万事如意!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松, 祝你全家度过一个温馨快乐的圣诞节。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '花甲老翁' 的评论 :

谢谢花甲,祝你圣诞新年快乐。
南山松 回复 悄悄话 祝贝卡阖家圣诞快乐!幸福如意!
花甲老翁 回复 悄悄话 恭祝聖誕快樂,新年進步,及問好.
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '缘自知音' 的评论 :

缘自知音,读到你风趣的留言,我忍不住笑起来了,想必你的感恩节一定过得好开心,火鸡美味佳肴,家人朋友团聚,不亦乐乎。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松,祝你和你的家人度过一个温馨快乐的感恩节。
缘自知音 回复 悄悄话 REBECCA, 有闻到火鸡的香味啦,是不是很想吃呢,可惜已经被我吃光,哈哈,不过我和肚子里的火鸡还是要祝你和你家人感恩节快乐!
南山松 回复 悄悄话 问好贝卡,感恩节快乐!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松,祝你全家度过一个温馨的中秋节。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '尼斯' 的评论 :

谢谢尼斯,也祝你全家中秋节快乐。
南山松 回复 悄悄话 祝贝卡阖家中秋快乐!
尼斯 回复 悄悄话 遥祝贝卡和家人中秋节快乐!
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '花甲老翁' 的评论 :

花甲好,你看过不少的电影,谢谢你的推荐和分享。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '南山松' 的评论 :

谢谢松松留言,并祝周末快乐。
林贝卡 回复 悄悄话 回复 '菲儿天地' 的评论 :

I could not agree with you more. He is not only a great director, but also a wonderful speaker.
花甲老翁 回复 悄悄话 史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格,呵呵,我看到了大白鯊才知說的是大導演,
史蒂分.史畢堡,和香港的譯法真是有很大不同,尤其是
柯德莉夏萍和奥黛丽·赫本就更是摸不著頭腦了,侏羅紀公園,
舒特拉名單和拯救大兵瑞恩(港譯雷霆救兵),這些戲都看過了,
謝謝麗必加.(有套黑白懸疑電影名叫Rebeca港譯黃金夢,很不錯的)
南山松 回复 悄悄话 很精彩的演讲,谢谢贝卡分享,问好!
菲儿天地 回复 悄悄话 He's such a great speaker, thanks for sharing!
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