人民日报旗下全国性英文日报《The Global times》是《环球时报》（中国发行量最大的日报之一）英文版，是继China daily （中国日报）之后中国第二份面向全国（以及海外地区）发行的英语综合性报纸。
2010年4月15日的《The Global times》发表了对我的采访文章《Baby steps》（http://special.globaltimes.cn/2010-04/522268.html），其中第4、5页是采访我的内容，篇首的强制堕胎的案例是我表弟媳肖芳梅。该文图片是计划外出生的一对双胞胎，为了逃避计生员的检查，父亲闻风用其谋生的工具，把孩子匆匆运走躲避。中国计生委以前对国际社会一直宣称中国计划生育是自愿的，不存在强制堕胎。但这次《The Global times》却向英文读者承认了强制堕胎（这应该是中国官方媒体第一次报道）。
《The Global times》在做这篇报道的时候，他们领导非常慎重，因为毕竟是第一次进行类似报道，反复修改、删减。这篇报道是公正、负责的，尺度也比较大（比如报道了我明确提出要“立即高调停止计划生育”的观点）。说明国内舆论不再忌讳计划生育，也说明对于停止计划生育是有信心的（不再遮遮掩掩了）。停止计划生育已经时不我待了，舆论应该趁早转向，才能聚集民意，便于顺势而下。
下面是《The Global times》报道的英文原文：
By Li Xiaoshu
Her baby kicking, nine months\' pregnant Xiao Fangmei rushed to hide under her bed when five men paid her a midnight visit.
The door was smashed open.
Get out! You can\'t have that unapproved girl! a family planning worker yelled at Xiao and her husband.
The other four strong men pulled Xiao out by her hair as she tried to clutch at anything solid. They lifted Xiao up, carried her out of the room and threw her down on the stony ground outside her front door.
Xiao summoned all her strength to stand up and run, but instead ran straight into the back of an official minibus parked outside.
She woke up in a government building in Suining, a county under the prefecture city of Shaoyang, Hunan Province, to be escorted to the family planning clinic.
Four years have passed since that fateful night, but Xiao still wept recalling the forced abortion.
They pressed my hands and gave me an injection with no anesthetic, she told the Global Times. It was tough and painful.
With hindsight, Xiao concluded that she should never have challenged a mutually beneficial State policy that most Chinese have accepted.
In fact, I feel good living with an only boy, she said.
Xiao\'s experience reflects an ambitious demographic engineering policy applied in the Chinese mainland since 1979 to limit all families to one child as part of an international population campaign for rapid socio-economic growth.
Individual reproductive behavior should be reconciled with the needs of society, declared the Plan of Action issued in August 1974 at the third World Population Conference held in Bucharest.
Incidents of the kind (suffered by Xiao) show the conflict between population variables and development policy, Li Xiaoping, a researcher at the Institute of Population Studies under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) in Beijing, told the Global Times.
As the world\'s most populated country, China paid a price to realize the aspiration for a better quality of life, Li said.
We can\'t simplify China\'s dilemma in this effort. Any state would have found the task very tough.
Call for review
Family planning policy violators pay a social compensation fee, sometimes 10 times a person\'s annual income, to register an additional child into China\'s residency system. A certificate of permanent residency is essential for any child hoping to obtain public services such as schooling, medical care or social welfare.
A family unwilling or unable to pay sometimes runs off or tries to hide their extra child perhaps going as far as creating an unregistered non person. Others stay where they are and risk a standoff with local family planning departments and their many and various approaches toward persuasion: from gentle cajoling through various financial threats to the Western media headline-grabbing extremes of violence.
Three decades on, many have quietly begun to question how much longer the policy should continue on the Chinese mainland.
Speculation over a new regime sprang up after Vice Premier Li Keqiang, head of the Sixth National Census, said on January 19 that China should switch from population control to development.
In fact as long back as September 1980, authorities vowed in an open letter issued by the Communist Party of China\'s Central Committee to adopt a different population policy 30 years later as long as the demographic tension of a runaway birth rate has been relieved, according to economist Hu Angang. Hu supported one child 10 years ago but lately has experienced a change of heart.
China should prompt an adjustment to gain long-term interest from its human resources, Hu said. Otherwise, the government will face more obstacles.
But it\'s very likely political inertia will quash that opportunity.
Vice Minister of National Population and Family Planning Commission of China (NPFPC) Zhao Baige claimed that China will continue family planning policy during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) period on February 4.
The nation has seen 400 million fewer births, resulting in 18 million fewer tons of carbon dioxide emissions a year, she said at the Copenhagen summit on climate change.
A commission spokesperson declined to comment on whether there would be any substantial policy shift when reached by the Global Times.
A secret pilot project - allowing families to have two children under certain specific circumstances - was authorized 25 years ago in Yicheng, a county in the prefecture-level city of Linfen in southern Shanxi Province.
At a meeting in 1985, Feng Caishan, former director of the Yicheng Population and Family Planning Commission, expressed worries to demographer Liang Zhongtang, initiator of the plan, that the experiment might run out of control as villagers tend to breed more.
The fears of the cadre were finally banished when told that the then Party chief Hu Yaobang supported Liang\'s experiment with the unusually swift response: well-researched and insightful. Hu\'s only requirement was not to publicize the decision.
Yicheng was chosen because it was a typical farming county with moderate incomes and clear population statistics, Liang explained.
The separate birth policy had rigorous rules: Couples must marry three years older than the national average and must also leave a six-year gap between their first and second child; women should accept sterilization after two births.
Today the county has a population of 317,000, 14 percent up the 1985 figure of 278,000, while the male-female birth ratio is 104:100. This compares favorably with 119:100 national figure.
Some 12.5 percent of the parents preferred to raise one child while 80 percent ended up with two daughters.
We don\'t have the financial capacity to rear many children, especially boys, said Chang Maochun, a farmer in the village of Renwang, Yicheng county.
Since 2000, the county\'s birth rate fell continuously to 10 per 1,000 people: nearly zero population growth.
This proves that there wouldn\'t be any population explosion even if people were allowed two children, Liang Zhongtang told the Global Times.
The Yicheng model was a compromise against the headstrong national practice. It\'s more reasonable and humane to let common people decide how many children they should have.
A growing, aging population with inadequate social security and a shrinking number of young workers was a time bomb for the nation, Liang warned.
Yi Fuxian, a Chinese associate scientist at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Wisconsin (Madison), is a tireless advocate of relaxation.
Yi uses every spare minute to research China\'s population and he started posting his findings on popular Internet bulletin boards on the Chinese mainland since 2002, although most were censored, he said.
The population control campaign outweighs any war in the number of lives lost, Yi told the Global Times.
It should be abandoned immediately, in a high-profile announcement, he said.
China\'s on the brink of negative population growth. Its total fertility rate (TFR) is falsified at 1.8 by adding an arbitrary 50 percent to the number of annual births, which is still below the sustainable replacement level of about 2.1.
Yi\'s brave unorthodoxy has slowly broken into mainstream mainland publications, creating the first stirrings of national debate. The Xinhua News Agency interviewed Yi and three State-owned websites gave him the green light to air his views almost freely in 2004.
However, Yi\'s views directly contradict the findings of a special research team led by prestigious officials and experts including Jiang Zhenghua, former vice minister of the NPFPC in 1991 to 1992 and Song Jian, architect of the current policy.
China\'s population will reach 1.36 billion in 2010 and peak at 1.5 billion in 2033, the team reported. The country should strictly carry out family planning to maintain its TFR at 1.8.
Their bold assertion actually intensified family planning measures rather than relaxing them.
It\'s a pity that the central government missed the best timing to curb the greatest trouble ahead, Yi said.
There is a bureaucratic machinery that protects the existing system. That definitely won.
Yi claimed his once-banned book A Big Country in an Empty Nest - The Wrong Direction of China\'s Birth Control Policy has gained gradual acceptance since mid-2008 in several government departments, particularly the National Bureau of Statistics.
My return signaled that the top leaders were reconsidering family planning, he said.
Yi mooted the urgency of abolishing the policy online to Premier Wen Jiabao in 2008, but received no reply.
He also ramped up lobbying efforts at the 2010 two sessions by sending letters and materials to more than 2,000 deputies of the National People\'s Congress and hundreds of members of the Chinese People\'s Political Consultative Conference.
China\'s wealthiest woman Zhang Yin and Tian Fuzhou, a Chengdu surgeon, along with at least three other scholars, appealed for a two-child transitional policy at the annual meeting.
A sudden reversal of policy is too dangerous, remaining the consistent counter argument of the opposing camp of mainstream family planning experts.
China\'s resources and environment cannot sustain natural population growth without administrative intervention, said Hou Dongmin, a demographer at Renmin University of China in Beijing.
The importance of maintaining a clear and consistent policy is critical, he warned. A great leap will produce chaos among the people, he said.
The policy had been highly effective in protecting the world\'s most populated country, said Cheng Enfu, director of the Academy of Marxism under CASS.
Without it, China couldn\'t have achieved its GDP boost and high allocation of resources per capita.
The country lacks the requisite conditions on the ground to relax planned birth on a macro scale, said Ma Li, a counselor to the State Council.
Rights and means
China\'s family planning policy is based on the people\'s will and is not compulsory, said NPFPC Vice Minister Zhao Baige at a press conference on January 15, but the commission also conceded inevitable wrongdoings in the field.
County family planning employees illegally coerced women to have abortions or undergo sterilizations since late 2004 in Linyi of southern Shandong Province, official media reported.
The activist who exposed the Linyi atrocity - Chen Guangcheng - was placed under house arrest, tried and sentenced to four years and three months\' imprisonment by a Linyi court in 2007. The Linyi officials responsible for this extreme policy were sacked in 2006, according to the NPFPC.
Policy makers shouldn\'t elevate the State interest at the expense of fundamental human rights, disrespecting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Constitution, said Teng Biao, a human rights activist and lawyer in Beijing.
Neither fines nor physical threats for policy violators were legitimized until 2002.
In contrast, Zhan Zhongle, an authority on administrative law who took part in drafting China\'s Population and Family Planning Law, said the policy merely encourages couples to bear one child and never imposed on people to give up their reproductive right.
Citizens are endowed with the power to sue law-breaking family planning commissions and personnel, most of who were under pressure to meet birth quotas set by local governments through improper means, Zhan said.
Liu Nanlai, deputy director of the Human Rights Research Center under CASS, rejected arguments for absolute reproductive right in a country facing unprecedented population crisis.
The concept of human right can\'t be upheld without considering the cultural, political and economic conditions in a particular society. No right will be accessible if commensurate responsibility is not taken, Liu said.
It\'s groundless to exaggerate the importance of reproductive right without respecting the interest of the social majority.
All reports from UN Conferences on Population and Development acknowledge that on issues such as birth control governments are responsible for matching individual benefits with the collective will, according to Liu.
A rural official with eight years\' family planning experience in Guizhou Province said he personally lives in shame.
I worry that if people start to hate the policy, then I will eventually become one of the scapegoats, he said.
A 40-year rural family planning worker in the village of Xiheshui in Yicheng county, disagreed.
I have frequently been cursed by villagers to \'die sonless\', said Che Yulian, 64. But it\'s my privilege to help people live better even if they might misunderstand the real intention of family planning. No policy is perfect in practice, and I don\'t regret it.
China\'s population policies: A timeline
Economist Ma Yinchu (1882-1982) advocates policies to ensure appropriate population growth and warns that the country will face tremendous difficulty feeding its people in the context of a baby boom. Few in the leadership agree.
The State Council incorporates population policies into national economic planning, encouraging late marriage and childbearing. The idea is propagated through slogans, radio programs and oral education.
Several provinces start explicit one-child family planning initiatives.
China\'s one-child family planning policy begins at national level as the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee sends an open letter to all members of the CPC and the Communist Youth League.
National Population and Family Planning Commission is established.
The Constitution stipulates that the State should promote jihua shengyu, literally planned birth that is today officially translated as family planning.
After considering labor demand in the countryside, a modified policy is set forth, allowing certain couples who have only one daughter to have a second child with an appropriate gap between the two births. Three or more children are strongly discouraged.
The birth limit for rural couples is progressively relaxed and single-daughter households are permitted a second child.
The State Council and the CPC Central Committee issue a document urging stepped up efforts to implement the policy, particularly in rural areas. They call for mobilization of all society.
The Population and Family Planning Law comes into force.
The Shanghai Population and Family Planning Commission encourages young couples, if both are the only child, to have a second offspring.