假如孩子有了 H1N1 (Swine) Flu Virus 症状怎么办？
H1N1 (Swine) Flu Virus: Facts for Parents (& Expecting）
--- 【What to Do If Your Child Gets Sick？】
Call your doctor right away if your child gets sick. Antiviral medications used to treat H1N1 flu in some patients work best when started within the first 2 days (48 hours) of getting sick.
The doctor may start your child on antiviral drugs even after 48 hours when symptoms began, especially if the child has been hospitalized or is at high risk for flu-related complications.
Children younger than 5 years old and children with chronic medical conditions, such as asthma and diabetes, may be at higher risk for complications from flu. Check with your doctor about any special treatment requirements for them.
Some over-the-counter medicines are approved for children to use to relieve flu symptoms.
If your child has a fever, use fever-reducing medicines that your doctor recommends based on your child’s age.
A fever is a temperature taken with a thermometer that is equal to or greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Celsius). If you are not able to measure a temperature, the child might have a fever if he or she feels warm, has a flushed appearance, or is sweating or shivering.
Keep your sick child home until at least 24 hours after the child no longer has a fever or signs of a fever (100°F or 37.8°C) (without the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®). Read detailed information about how long to stay away from others.
Make sure your child gets plenty of rest and drinks clear fluids (such as water, broth, sports drinks, electrolyte beverages for infants, Pedialyte®) to keep from being dehydrated.
Keep your sick child in a separate room in the house as much as possible to limit contact with household members who are not sick.
Consider having just one person be the main caregiver for the sick child.
You can consider sending your child back to school after at least 24 hours has passed since his or her temperature returned to normal WITHOUT the use of medications.
来源： U.S. Department of Health & Human Services