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日出而作,日入而息The anxiety of the sleeping night

(2018-06-15 16:32:28) 下一个
食色眠,天生命的三元素

Sleep grows your body, anti-depress, relax, sanitation, detoxication, recovery, rejuvenate

the inability to sleep is also a condition of modernity—of capitalist cultures founded on protestant work ethics, on 18th-century slavery and on the subsequent devaluation of sleep as an important activity in our 24-hour wired-up world.

Back track to those years of wonder (年幼家父讲故事... ""日出而作,日入而息。一颗下地,一石还家"。曲波的《林海雪原》中杨子荣盼胜利后与大多数农民一样,过起日出而作,日落而息的生活。

曲波《林海雪原》 (少剑波、杨子荣) .... 人为一大事来,做一大事去;捧着一颗心来,不带半根草去。 从1956年的长篇小说《林海雪原》,到样板戏《智取威虎山》

少年时偷看禁书《林海雪原》,心里最羡慕的,不是英雄人物杨子荣,而是参谋长少剑波,因为“万马军中一小丫”的卫生员白茹爱慕他。

日出而作,日入而息”这一句诗,是何等的朴实,却又如此深入我们的内心至深处。按“日出而作,日入而息”的千年农耕习惯来说日子,以天亮算是新. 他们像母亲抚育婴儿一样伺弄土地,有的小文人很欣赏这状态,能亲近大自然的农家生活清贫面朝黄土背朝天的辛勤劳动养育的,培养出,造就了他们像白雪一样质朴纯洁、豁达直率的性格。

演员张涵予表演的比较到位,但不出彩,没有电影《林海雪原》杨子荣扮演者王润身的机制与豪气,也没达到京剧童祥苓杨子荣的帅气于张扬。


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http://mini.eastday.com/a/180606171424894-2.html 

1.击壤歌 ——佚名

日出而作,日入而息。

凿井而饮,耕田而食。

帝力于我何有哉!

《击壤歌》描绘了我国远古劳动人民朴实无华、积极乐观的生活状态。“日出而作,日入而息”这一句诗,是何等的朴实,却又如此深入我们的内心至深处。《击壤歌》可谓我国诗歌的始祖,开华夏诗歌艺术之先河。

先河。

 

 

2.易水歌 ——荆轲

风萧萧兮,易水寒;

壮士一去兮,不复还。

秦国发动了吞并六国的战争,弱小的燕国当时危在旦夕。燕国的太子丹请故国已被兼并的荆轲刺杀秦始皇,以阻止秦国的进一步吞并。荆轲为雪国仇家恨,且报太子丹的知遇之恩,于是慨然答应。

前半句通过描写秋之萧杀、易水寒冷之景,形象的烘托出天地间极度愁惨之境,渗透出歌者激越澎湃的感情。后半句则表现荆轲大义凛然、抱定必死决心的献身精神。

 

 

3.大风歌 ——刘邦
 

大风起兮云飞扬。

威加海内兮归故乡。

安得猛士兮守四方!

《大风歌》乃汉高祖刘邦所作。当时刘邦平定黥布之乱,过沛县之时,邀集故人饮酒。在酒酣之际,刘邦唱出这首流传千古的《大风歌》。

此诗充满着王霸之气,气势非凡。前面两句直抒胸臆,表达了自己取得了伟大的政治成就。最后一句,则表现出刘邦对于国家局势尚不稳定的忧虑之心。

 

 

4.垓下歌 ——项羽

力拔山兮气盖世。

时不利兮骓不逝。

骓不逝兮可奈何!

虞兮虞兮奈若何!

如果说项羽只通武力,不懂文事,此言谬矣。项羽临死前唱的这首《垓下歌》,是何等的出色!《垓下歌》是项羽所作的绝命词,首句“力拔山兮气盖世”,表现出项羽无以伦比的豪气和叱咤风云的业绩。“时不利兮稚不逝”一句,表达了项羽对虞姬饱含深情的内心世界。后面两句,表达了人力的渺小,而发出沉重的叹息。以此短短四句,表达出如此复杂深邃的情感,真乃诗歌界的奇迹。

 

 

5.登幽州台歌 ——陈子昂

前不见古人,后不见来者。

念天地之悠悠,独怆然而涕下!

此处的古人,是指古代哪些可以礼贤下士的贤明君主。而“来者”,则是指现世求才的明君。前两句深刻表达了作者怀才不遇的深邃而伟大的孤独之情。在“前不见古人,后不见来者”的情况之下,唯有无尽的宇宙尚可寄托;想到这些,不禁潸然泪下!此诗语言苍劲,极富感染力,是历代难得的名篇。

** -----------------
Insomnia: a cultural history

Kimberley Whitehead

,
Matthew Beaumont
“I cannot sleep”, Alexander Pushkin wrote in his Lines Written at Night during Insomnia (1830). “Only the monotonous running of the clock/Sounds around me.” Almost all of us, at one time or another, will have experienced the dreary desperation of insomnia. “The anxiety of the sleeping night”, Pushkin continues in his attempt to capture this intolerable dynamic, “The mouse-like scampering of life”. This “scampering” of daily life into the time set aside for rest has been reported for hundreds of years, but it is particularly pertinent to review the cultural history of sleeplessness from the present-day perspective, a world in which many of us take our electronic devices and daily lives to bed with us.

This cultural, historical, and scientific exploration of sleeplessness by Eluned Summers-Bremner begins with the literature of ancient times, and finds its sufferers in prominent texts such as the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Mesopotamian epic Gilgamesh, and the Bible. Moving to Romantic and Gothic literature, she shows how sleeplessness continued to play a large role as the advent of street lighting in the nineteenth century inspired the fantastical blurring of daytime reality and night visions and authors connected insomnia to the ephemeral worlds of nightmares and the sublime. Meanwhile, throughout the ages insomnia has been variously categorized by the medical community as a manifestation of a deeper psychological or physical malady. Today’s medical solutions tend to involve prescription drugs—but, as Insomnia reveals, important questions linger about the role of the pharmaceutical industry and the effectiveness of such treatments.

 “Summers-Bremner’s account of literary usages of insomnia, from Gilgamesh to Garcia Márquez, is a rich one, sufficient to make the case that insomnia is a recurrent theme in Western culture.”––Wall Street Journal

            “A whimsical tour of the history of how different cultures have viewed not only insomnia but also the night itself, sleep, dreams, darkness, and activities that occur in the dark.”—New England Journal of Medicine

            “Summers-Bremner’s excellent account of insomnia shows that the consideration of our waking moments is indicative of the changing ways we think about life.”—Financial Times Magazine

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Product details

  • Series: FOCI
     
  • Paperback: 176 pages
  • Publisher: Reaktion Books (June 15, 2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1861896549
  • ISBN-13: 978-1861896544
  • Product Dimensions: 5.5 x 0.5 x 8.5 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 7.8 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
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