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BMW E66 Hydraulic PS fluid CHF 11S更换二三事兼谈其Dynamic Drive System

(2016-10-04 13:55:46) 下一个

这是一个发生在加拿大的意外,前编在这里:CHF 11S vs Genuine GM Fluid 88901975

现编开始:

够黑!一气订了四瓶,这是要气死亚马逊的节奏吗?

因为财迷啊!四瓶才免邮喔,原本只能买一瓶这下能整四瓶,还不偷着乐?

验明正身

2014年初换过一次两瓶,现在看来很暴力

今年有了神器看着就温柔多了

先找了个透明塑料杯抽点儿看看透明度

然后正式开始抽,这么看颜色尚可,抽到底大致是850-900毫升左右

还不赖,开几天再换一瓶又可以4-5年无忧矣

这个罐子大致有900毫升的容量,据称液压系统共计有2-3升。

为什么要替换呢?

Bentley says it's "permanently filled"; but most of us would replace the hygroscopic power steering fluid at 30,000 miles.

这个液压系统使用的油液肩负两种功能:方向机液压系统及主动防侧倾液压系统【后者的翻译可能不准确是意译没有去查核】

关于Active Anti-roll摘自Wiki的描述:

Active systems[edit]

The first[4] to use an active anti-roll bar in 1994 was the Citroen Xantia Activa, a medium-sized sedan sold in Europe. The SC.CAR (Systeme Citroën de Contrôle Actif du Roulis) system featured an anti-roll bar that could be stiffened under the command of the suspension ECU during hard cornering. The car rolled at any time at most 2 degrees.

In 2001 the BMW 7 Series (E65) introduced Active Roll Stabilization (ARS) "active" anti-roll bars that can be proportionally controlled automatically by a suspension-control computer, reducing body lean in turns while improving rough-road ride quality.[5]

In 2006 Toyota Active Stabilizer Suspension System. By altering stabilizer bar stiffness, this system acts to reduce body tilt during cornering, keeping the vehicle more level during turns and improving handling, as opposed to the natural tendency of a vehicle to roll due to the lateral forces experienced during high-speed maneuvering. The active stabilizer system relies on vehicle body sensors and electric motors. The first production usage of this system was introduced in August 2005 with the Lexus GS430 sport sedan[6]

Porsche Panamera introduced the same system Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) [7] in 2009.

Mercedes-Benz M-Class#Third generation (W166: 2011–present) introduced a similar system: ACTIVE CURVE SYSTEM in 2011.

Range Rover Sport introduced Dynamic Response active anti-roll bars.

Mercedes-Benz S-Class Active Body Control system uses another approach: the computer uses sensors to detect lateral load, lateral force, and height difference in the suspension strut, then uses hydraulic pressure to raise or lower the spring to counter roll. This system removes the anti-roll bar. Most active roll control systems allow a small degree of roll to give a more natural feel.

Toyota also uses a mechanical system called Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS) that essentially disengages the stabilizer bars when off-road, allowing for greater vehicle articulation and ride quality.

两个实际款型的直观演示

这个主动防侧倾液压系统多是前后配备的,言外之意就是有状况的话维修是比较耗时的,很不幸的是那个产生扭力的液压电力包油封漏油还比较常见,在滴乐那里维修一端大致2000刀,零件大致是1500左右,EBAY上二手大致200-400看成色,至今未见车友大神rebuild油封记录。

这是一个局部维修的实例

Everything you didn't want to know about your Dynamic Drive but have to….….because you're a DIY'er

不是最后的最后:近年很多车厂都开始使用类似的主动防侧倾设计,有的是使用机械电力控制,当然也有使用液压机械控制的,在这个大家都要节油低扭和享受过弯的时代,车厂只得堆高技术取悦消费者,这也导致DIY'er的空间将被极大的压缩,除了些传统表演项目还是需要苦力,更多的需要电子侦测手段及对车型的原理知识积累才能少走弯路。

发这个帖子的主要目的是为了合并一些相关资料以便备查,无他!

Dynamic Drive System

The main control unit
The main control unit
Dynamic Drive

Dynamic Drive prevents or reduces the tendency of vehicle to roll while cornering. It enhances vibration comfort and optimizes the turn-in ability of the vehicle.
 

Brief description of components

Control unit
The functions of the control unit are controlled by microprocessors. The power supply is provided via terminal 30 (with 10A fuse). The control unit is activated via the wake-up line (terminal 15).
Valve block
The following valves are integrated in the valve block:
· Pressure valves of the front and rear axle
· Directional control valve
· Fail-safe valve
· Non-return valves
The valve block is located in the right front wheel arch near the A pillar. It performs the following tasks:
The oil flow to the hydraulic motors is distributed via two pressure control valves (one each for front and rear axle). The pressure at the front-suspension hydraulic motor is greater than or equal to the pressure at the rear-suspension hydraulic motor.
Measuring the actual pressure of the high-pressure oil:
There is a pressure sensor at each of the valve-block outlets for the front and rear-suspension hydraulic motors.
The direction of rotation of the two hydraulic motors is set by a shared direction valve. The position of the direction valve is detected and monitored by means of a switch position sensor (SSE).
Changeover to fail-safe mode in the event of power failure or detection of system malfunctions: The front suspension hydraulic motor is blocked sealed off. Oil can be drawn in from the tank hose through the non-return valves.
Transverse acceleration sensor
The transverse acceleration detected is the most important determining variable for the function of Dynamic Drive. The zero point of the transverse acceleration sensor can be learned by means of a diagnosis command from the Dynamic Drive control unit.
Front/rear anti-roll bar pressure sensors
The pressure sensors are located on the valve block. The zero point values of the pressure sensors are learned by means of diagnosis commands from the Dynamic Drive control unit.
Switch position sensor
The switch position sensor is located on the valve block and is used to detect the direction valve position.
Pressure control valves
The pressure control valves are located in the valve block. The valves are electrically operated. They set the active pressures for the front and rear anti-roll bars. When the vehicle is travelling in a straight line, the pressure control valves are de-energized. The oil flow to the reservoir is not restricted. When the vehicle is cornering, the valves are energized, the pressure in the hydraulic motors increases and is adjusted to the desired level.
Directional control valve
The direction valve is located in the valve block. It is electrical operated. It sets the direction of flow of the system fluid for left and right-hand bends. The position of the direction valve is monitored by means of a switch position sensor (SSE).
Fail-safe valve
The fail-safe valve is located in the valve block. It is electrically operated and when de-energized shuts off the front-suspension hydraulic motor.
Non-return valves
The non-return valves are located in the valve block. They allow replenishment of the hydraulic motors with oil thus preventing cavity formation.
Active anti-roll bars
The active anti-roll bars are vertically split in the middle. The active anti-roll bar consists of a hydraulic motor and, attached to it, the two halves of the anti-roll bar with press-fitted roller-bearing mountings. The hydraulic motor shaft and housing are each attached to one half of the anti-roll bar. In the hydraulic motor, the opposing chambers are linked. This means they each have the same pressure. A pressure port supplies two chambers with high-pressure oil while the two other chambers are connected to the return line to the reservoir. Variation of the pressure varies the force generated by the motor. That force produces torque which rotates the shaft relative to the housing. As one half of the anti-roll bar is attached to the shaft and the other to the housing, the two halves of the anti-roll bar then twist in opposite directions to one another. The stabilization torque that this creates counteracts the rolling motion. The maximum system pressure is 180 bars.
Tandem pump
The tandem pump supplies the hydraulic pressure for the Dynamic Drive and power steering circuits. The pump consists of a radial piston pump section for the Dynamic Drive system and a vane-pump section for the power steering. Dynamic Drive and the power steering share a common oil cooler and reservoir.
Oil tank
The oil reservoir has an oil filter and an oil level sensor.
Oil level sensor
The oil level sensor is mounted on the oil reservoir. If the oil level drops below the minimum mark, a signal is sent to the Dynamic Drive control unit.
Oil cooler
The oil cooler keeps the oil temperature below 120 degrees Celsius. The oil temperature is allowed to rise to a maximum of 135 degrees Celsius for short periods. The oil temperature is an important parameter for the commissioning procedure for the system as a whole. The commissioning procedure (by means of diagnosis command) must not be carried out at extreme temperatures (ambient and system temperatures).

 

 

Main functions

Dynamic Drive system function
The Dynamic Drive controls two active anti-roll bars according to the transverse acceleration levels detected.
By so doing, it reduces body roll when cornering and on uneven road surfaces.
The Dynamic Drive control unit calculates from the input signals the commands that need to be sent to the hydraulic motors. The input signals are also checked for plausibility and used for system monitoring purposes.
The Dynamic Drive control unit receives the following input signals:
· Pressure in front-suspension circuit.
· Pressure in rear-suspension circuit.
· Position of direction valve.
· Transverse acceleration.
· Oil reservoir level.
The main input variable is the transverse acceleration. The following PT-CAN signals are also analyzed:
· Transverse acceleration.
· Yaw velocity.
· Vehicle road speed.
· Steering wheel angle.
This additional information improves the response time of the system.
The control unit has short circuit-proof outputs for: pressure control valve for front and rear axle, directional control valve, fail-safe valve and 5 Volt power supply for the 4 sensors (transverse acceleration, pressure sensors for front and rear suspension circuits and switch position sensor).
The valves are controlled by current modulation (pulse width modulated signal). Signals are sent to across the PT-CAN to the engine DME/DDE indicating whether additional power is required. This is the only way the power requirement can be covered, for example when idling during the commissioning procedure.
The Dynamic Drive is not active when the vehicle is stationary when all valves are de-energized. In other words, when the vehicle is stationary, the active anti-roll bars do not generate any torque. If the vehicle is leaning to one side when parked (e.g. with two wheels on the kerb or unevenly loaded), the system does not perform any adjustments despite the fact that there is a measurable lateral force. The Dynamic Drive comes into action at speeds upwards of approx. 15 km/h.

 

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