Frank: Why didn't China collapse as eagerly hoped as Westerners
--- China invites ordinary citizen to discuss national policymaking
Frank Feb. 5, 2018, in Waterloo, Canada
Feb. 5, 2018, 00:19, the article <Deliveryman invited to present suggestions to China's top leadership> inspired me to think more.
Over the years, some scholars and politicians in the West have rumored and actively advocated their prediction of China's collapse. In their mouths, China should have collapsed long ago politically and economically. However, China has continued to develop and in many ways has become the world leader.
In fact, it was not these Western scholars and politicians were born shameless, specializing in rumors as career to make a living; but, rather, it was that China's development path is different from their well-known experience in mainstream way of development in the West.
The main reason is that the formulation of state policy is different.
In the democratic countries that Westerners are self-proud of, in which, to elect several groups of people from different parties to discuss the formulation of policies. In many cases, the formulation of the important policy for properly governing the state has become a bargaining chip for different parties to fight for their own interests, in which process, the parties are deadly fighting against each other by the way of dogs biting dogs and pulling the tails of each other. By such a ignorant way, the function of government in policy-making was paralyzed.
In the eyes of the West, China is a typical one party dictator. But, in the process of national policy making, indeed, it has been not a one party dictator at all, but, a consultation of multi-party democracy without hostile battles. In which way, it is easy to reach an agreement based on each other's views toward the goal of building a better China.
More importantly, in China, the top-level leaders have been conducting in-depth investigations and studies into the grassroots level, even invites ordinary people from grass-roots to participate in discussing and formulating policies, and thereby, the policies that made in such a way were more realistic and effective.
Besides above measure, in my 2016 article <Authorize non-partisan Super leadership to assist social governanc>, I discussed many skills in social governance of China.
The experiences of the success of China's economic reform
The success of China's economic reform was derived from the well understanding for human inborn nature and the culture of Ancient civilization.
For social governance, there are three main resistances.
First one is that has to deal with people who are capable in independent thinking and tend to act according to own preferred accord, which will negatively affect social governance.
Second one is that social governance would involve in some social reform with the redistribution of social interest, and it would encounter the fierce resistance of interest group, and even ordinary people would also resist the reform due to the fear for potential risks in uncertain social changes.
Third one is the impact of social ideologies which is that people accustomed outdated ideology in dominating thinking and behaving. In The end of laissez-faire 1926, Keynes indicates that: “These many elements have contributed to the current intellectual bias, the mental make-up, the orthodoxy of the day. The compelling force of many of the original reasons has disappeared but, as usual, the vitality of the conclusions outlasts them.”
Such behaviors caused by the inborn nature of human beings, in regardless the race, regardless the nationality and regardless the political model - one party dictatorship or multiparty democracy.
The process of China’s economic reform was the process of making efforts to reduce and overcome such social resistance. In Canada, it will be the same when making social advancement.
The success of China’s economic reform was also benefited from the culture of long civilization.
Oct. 2, 2014, in article <Why did China not produce harmful native religions>, I indicate that: “People appreciate the 5,000 years continuous civilization of China, however, most of people have overlooked the nature of the civilization, the valuable point, is not in the length of time, but, in the continuously documented historical facts – the facts in success and failure, which made valuable references, so that the future generations can avoid to repeat mistakes with lesser Detour.”
“The accumulation of experiences is wisdom.”
“The wisdom from 2400 years ago China lessons us that, the ordinary people can happily share in enjoying fruit, but they never willingly share the effort in growing the fruit. A rational government has to enforce them to do something that will benefit to them, but, do not expect to convince them in advance.”
Here needs to specially point out that, in 2400 years ago China, the philosophical text Tao Te Ching said that “the governance of a big country is as that of cooking a piece of small sea food”, it meant that a matter easily broken, and must be very careful.
These ancient teachings were paid attention by the successive governments of China. It was the fundamental of social stability and economic prosperity in more than 2000 years. It was the main reason that China’s economy leading the world before British launching the Opium Wars to interrupt the normal development of China. Now, China is quickly regaining leading position in economy.
As my view, in modern society, the social governance is to pave track by policy making, and society runs accordingly. Therefore, the process of social governance is a process of policy making.
Maybe due to the different in civilization background, the process of policy making is totally different between China and the West:
In China, it was by trial to get experience and the proof that is feasible with less social unrest at first, then to be legislated accordingly.
In West, it was to design and legislate at first with less concern the social unrest-causing, and then to be executed accordingly.
The process of the reform in social governance is a process of governing innovation. Obviously, the way of China will be fewer mistakes and easily to be practiced.
The success of China’s economic reform relied on two key factors.
1…The former top leader Mr. Deng Xiaoping, as a general experienced in decades long wars, who played a role as a political bulldozer to push away social resistance: “Don’t argue; try it. If it works, let it spread.” He timely provided support for those pioneers in economic reform by his unique political prestige.
China's reform involved in many aspects, it was not mainly from the top-level design in advance, a lot of initiative ideas were envisaged from the grassroots, from the people who understood the situation in grassroots level, and recognized and supported by central government.
2…Government authorized limited area as test zone for economic reform with the right for independent policy making, which largely reduced social resistance, and the free practice of all available economic means promoted it quickly developed, and then with the achievement to convince public to have easily updated the policies nationally.
It was in Jan. 31, 1979, firstly set 2.14 square kilometers as test-zone in a part of Shekou district of Shenzhen city. After convincing achievements, July 15, 1979, the city of Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Xiamen was set as pilot of special Economic Zone. In May 4, 1984 it was promoted to other 14 coastal port cities, and in following several years, it was promoted to many other areas.
Viewing back in today, China’s economic reform was from point to line, and then from the line to area, in step by step gradually with constantly updating policies.
China's economic reform was the process that carefully avoided social resistances; otherwise, even if in one party dictatorship also cannot do anything.
By such patiently cautious approach, China has avoided social unrest as those of many other former socialist countries have suffered, even blooding, due to they changed social system without proper preparation in advance under the way of design and legislates at first.
The main resistance for China's economic reform was more from ideological arguments that insisted on socialist road and any budding in private economy will be severely criticized or even jailed.
This absurd phenomenon was not limited in China.
In former Soviet Union, when Stalin's reigning, such ideological conflict also caused Political Repression against capitalism.
Such ideological conflict was not limited in socialist countries, too.
In human world, in most of time, it was that irrational suppresses rational – the ignorance in playing leading role.
The facts showed that confused social ideology has strong power in impacting social advancement.
The ideological confusion was also playing its role in international trade with the argument in identifying whether a country is in market economy.
Because of some share of state-owned economy, over the years, the West questioned the status of China's market economy, however, they overlooked the fact that the big share of state-owned economy in France today, and Britain once experienced a process that was nationalized from private economy and then was privatized again. But, there was no one questioned their nature in market economy - capitalism.
Faced with such irrational arguments, Mr. Deng said that: no matter is black or white; the one that can catch mice is a good cat. No matter which roads, if it cannot develop economy and improve people life is all dead roads.
Mr. Deng Xiaoping has learnt the harm of useless ideological argument, by supporting all available preferable means in regardless which –ist or –ism, to push forward economic development and improve people’s live by flexible way in reducing social resistance.
At the beginning of China’s economic reform, there were a lot of voice in suspicion and opposition, and now is basically no more, most people have recognized that the economic reform was correct.
No people who are in rational mind would hate a prosperous life.
Now, many countries have relaxed visa policy for attracting wealthy guests from China. Among them, Canada was the earlier one.
We may imagine that, if 1.3 billion population’s China is misgoverned to fall into chaos as that of in Syria, what would be the result for this world?
The peaceful development of any country is the great contribution to the whole world.
Viewing back in today, China has been successfully going on the way that Deng Xiaoping envisaged in 3 decades ago.
Now, we have made clear that the success of China’s economic reform was mainly derived from flexible governing approaches, rather than fully from one party dictatorship.
In viewing above, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau should not be disappointed for the incompetence of democratic governance, under current democratic polity; Canada also can achieve similar economic achievement as that of China has done.
Follow was some reports about the process of policy making in Canada and China.
Canada: Opposition: Trudeau 'elbowed' female lawmaker, by CNN in one year ago: Opposition leaders in Canada are accusing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of getting physical during a parliamentary session.
The meeting was intended to put forward Euthanasia Act that proposed by the ruling Liberal Party, but, it was led into the prime minister's attack on the chest of a woman councilor.
Please look at above photo, how helpless of JustinTrudeau is?
Besides those ignorances in mental defective, no brain well developed people would believe such a government can do any rational business.
In Canada, under democratic polity, the reckless fight in policy making was not limited in parliament, but, in everywhere with involvement of any people, here was a recent report, Rowdy crowd of anti-pipeline hecklers take on Trudeau at B.C. town hall: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau delivered a spirited defence of his decision to approve the Kinder Morgan pipeline during the final — and at times rowdy — town hall meeting of his cross-country tour today in Nanaimo, B.C. As Trudeau attempted to defend his ideas about protecting the environment while growing the economy, he was shouted down by a number of activists. Three of them had to be removed by police after the local First Nation chief and Trudeau failed to talk them down.
In China, the policy making has been in friendly discussing and in freely adopting a variety of useful suggestions.
Such as the report: Deliveryman invited to present suggestions to China's top leadership
From People's Daily Online February 02, 2018, 14:36
Deliveryman Li Pengxuan never expected that his suggestion about the country’s delivery industry could result in him being asked by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang for a talk in Zhongnanhai, the exclusive compound for top leadership.
At the symposium on Jan. 31, Li Pengxuan presented his advice regarding the draft government work report to the Premier with other representatives from all walks of life.
Li is a deliveryman in central China’s Shanxi province. Last July, he submitted his suggestion through “Share your thoughts with China’s Premier Li” on the official website of the State Council, saying he hopes the government will promote cooperation between the insurance sector and the express delivery industry.
Li’s hometown is one of the country’s best ten fruit counties, and his fellow villagers have become rich with the help of express delivery service, which helped the price of apples per 0.5 kilograms rise from 0.6 yuan to 2 yuan.
Last year, Li’s service station handled 120,000 parcels, among which 100,000 were fresh fruit parcels. But due to the vulnerability of the fruit and other issues during delivery, they have to sometimes compensate customers for damaged products.
Li said he earns 6-7,000 yuan per month, but he has to pay 3-4,000 yuan to the customers for broken parcels.
Though eager to solve the issue, Li never expected his suggestion to receive any response or to be dealt with. However, staff with the State Council website later contacted him and invited him to communicate with the Premier face-to-face in Beijing.
“Premier Li asked about my job and said we are working really hard. I was touched,” the deliveryman said.
The Premier said the country’s delivery industry is developing fast and well, and has become a very important sector to boost the domestic economy.
After hearing that Li comes from a township and works 12-13 hours a day, the Premier said the fact that the country’s delivery capacity tops the world is inseparable from grassroots deliverymen like Li.
At the symposium, Li reiterated his suggestion of promoting cooperation between the insurance sector and the express delivery industry, and proposed to implement policies, such as special travel permits for delivery vehicles.
The Premier said the government encourages and supports the development of new industries and business modes including express delivery, and has adopted measures to lower logistical costs.
“It surprised me that the Premier answered my questions one by one.” Li recalled. After answering his questions, the Premier asked government departments to follow the people-centered development concept, and work hard to guarantee smooth delivery of fresh products.
Walking out of Zhongnanhai, Li said he has more faith in the future of the country’s express delivery industry.