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Frank: Why didn't China collapse as eagerly hoped as Westerners

(2018-02-04 20:54:25) 下一个

https://www.quora.com/Why-didnt-China-collapse-as-eagerly-hoped-as-Westerners

Frank: Why didn't China collapse as eagerly hoped as Westerners

    --- China invites ordinary citizen to discuss national policymaking

        Frank  Feb. 5, 2018, in Waterloo, Canada

  Feb. 5, 2018, 00:19, the article <Deliveryman invited to present suggestions to China's top leadership> inspired me to think more.

  Over the years, some scholars and politicians in the West have rumored and actively advocated their prediction of China's collapse. In their mouths, China should have collapsed long ago politically and economically. However, China has continued to develop and in many ways has become the world leader.

  In fact, it was not these Western scholars and politicians were born shameless, specializing in rumors as career to make a living; but, rather, it was that China's development path is different from their well-known experience in mainstream way of development in the West.

  The main reason is that the formulation of state policy is different.

  In the democratic countries that Westerners are self-proud of, in which, to elect several groups of people from different parties to discuss the formulation of policies. In many cases, the formulation of the important policy for properly governing the state has become a bargaining chip for different parties to fight for their own interests, in which process, the parties are deadly fighting against each other by the way of dogs biting dogs and pulling the tails of each other. By such a ignorant way, the function of government in policy-making was paralyzed.

  In the eyes of the West, China is a typical one party dictator. But, in the process of national policy making, indeed, it has been not a one party dictator at all, but, a consultation of multi-party democracy without hostile battles. In which way, it is easy to reach an agreement based on each other's views toward the goal of building a better China. 

  More importantly, in China, the top-level leaders have been conducting in-depth investigations and studies into the grassroots level, even invites ordinary people from grass-roots to participate in discussing and formulating policies, and thereby, the policies that made in such a way were more realistic and effective.

  Besides above measure, in my 2016 article <Authorize non-partisan Super leadership to assist social governanc>, I discussed many skills in social governance of China.

  The experiences of the success of China's economic reform

  The success of China's economic reform was derived from the well understanding for human inborn nature and the culture of Ancient civilization.

  For social governance, there are three main resistances.

  First one is that has to deal with people who are capable in independent thinking and tend to act according to own preferred accord, which will negatively affect social governance.

  Second one is that social governance would involve in some social reform with the redistribution of social interest, and it would encounter the fierce resistance of interest group, and even ordinary people would also resist the reform due to the fear for potential risks in uncertain social changes.

  Third one is the impact of social ideologies which is that people accustomed outdated ideology in dominating thinking and behaving. In The end of laissez-faire 1926, Keynes indicates that: “These many elements have contributed to the current intellectual bias, the mental make-up, the orthodoxy of the day. The compelling force of many of the original reasons has disappeared but, as usual, the vitality of the conclusions outlasts them.” 

  Such behaviors caused by the inborn nature of human beings, in regardless the race, regardless the nationality and regardless the political model - one party dictatorship or multiparty democracy.

  The process of China’s economic reform was the process of making efforts to reduce and overcome such social resistance. In Canada, it will be the same when making social advancement.

  The success of China’s economic reform was also benefited from the culture of long civilization.

  Oct. 2, 2014, in article <Why did China not produce harmful native religions>, I indicate that: “People appreciate the 5,000 years continuous civilization of China, however, most of people have overlooked the nature of the civilization, the valuable point, is not in the length of time, but, in the continuously documented historical facts – the facts in success and failure, which made valuable references, so that the future generations can avoid to repeat mistakes with lesser Detour.”

  “The accumulation of experiences is wisdom.”

  “The wisdom from 2400 years ago China lessons us that, the ordinary people can happily share in enjoying fruit, but they never willingly share the effort in growing the fruit. A rational government has to enforce them to do something that will benefit to them, but, do not expect to convince them in advance.”

  Here needs to specially point out that, in 2400 years ago China, the philosophical text Tao Te Ching said that “the governance of a big country is as that of cooking a piece of small sea food”, it meant that a matter easily broken, and must be very careful.

  These ancient teachings were paid attention by the successive governments of China. It was the fundamental of social stability and economic prosperity in more than 2000 years. It was the main reason that China’s economy leading the world before British launching the Opium Wars to interrupt the normal development of China. Now, China is quickly regaining leading position in economy.

  As my view, in modern society, the social governance is to pave track by policy making, and society runs accordingly. Therefore, the process of social governance is a process of policy making. 

  Maybe due to the different in civilization background, the process of policy making is totally different between China and the West:

  In China, it was by trial to get experience and the proof that is feasible with less social unrest at first, then to be legislated accordingly.

  In West, it was to design and legislate at first with less concern the social unrest-causing, and then to be executed accordingly.

  The process of the reform in social governance is a process of governing innovation. Obviously, the way of China will be fewer mistakes and easily to be practiced.

  The success of China’s economic reform relied on two key factors.

  1…The former top leader Mr. Deng Xiaoping, as a general experienced in decades long wars, who played a role as a political bulldozer to push away social resistance: “Don’t argue; try it. If it works, let it spread.” He timely provided support for those pioneers in economic reform by his unique political prestige.

  China's reform involved in many aspects, it was not mainly from the top-level design in advance, a lot of initiative ideas were envisaged from the grassroots, from the people who understood the situation in grassroots level, and recognized and supported by central government.

  2…Government authorized limited area as test zone for economic reform with the right for  independent policy making, which largely reduced social resistance, and the free practice of all available economic means promoted it quickly developed, and then with the achievement to convince public to have easily updated the policies nationally.  

  It was in Jan. 31, 1979, firstly set 2.14 square kilometers as test-zone in a part of Shekou district of Shenzhen city. After convincing achievements, July 15, 1979, the city of Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Xiamen was set as pilot of special Economic Zone. In May 4, 1984 it was promoted to other 14 coastal port cities, and in following several years, it was promoted to many other areas.

  Viewing back in today, China’s economic reform was from point to line, and then from the line to area, in step by step gradually with constantly updating policies.

  China's economic reform was the process that carefully avoided social resistances; otherwise, even if in one party dictatorship also cannot do anything.

  By such patiently cautious approach, China has avoided social unrest as those of many other former socialist countries have suffered, even blooding, due to they changed social system without proper preparation in advance under the way of design and legislates at first.

  The main resistance for China's economic reform was more from ideological arguments that insisted on socialist road and any budding in private economy will be severely criticized or even jailed.

  This absurd phenomenon was not limited in China.

  In former Soviet Union, when Stalin's reigning, such ideological conflict also caused Political Repression against capitalism.

  Such ideological conflict was not limited in socialist countries, too.

  In the United States, a typical capitalist country, Mr. Joseph R. McCarthy who once launched McCarthyism to perform political persecution against communism.

  In human world, in most of time, it was that irrational suppresses rational – the ignorance in playing leading role.

  The facts showed that confused social ideology has strong power in impacting social advancement.

  The ideological confusion was also playing its role in international trade with the argument in identifying whether a country is in market economy.

  Because of some share of state-owned economy, over the years, the West questioned the status of China's market economy, however, they overlooked the fact that the big share of state-owned economy in France today, and Britain once experienced a process that was nationalized from private economy and then was privatized again. But, there was no one questioned their nature in market economy - capitalism.

  Faced with such irrational arguments, Mr. Deng said that: no matter is black or white; the one that can catch mice is a good cat. No matter which roads, if it cannot develop economy and improve people life is all dead roads.

  Mr. Deng Xiaoping has learnt the harm of useless ideological argument, by supporting all available preferable means in regardless which –ist or –ism, to push forward economic development and improve people’s live by flexible way in reducing social resistance.

  At the beginning of China’s economic reform, there were a lot of voice in suspicion and opposition, and now is basically no more, most people have recognized that the economic reform was correct.

  No people who are in rational mind would hate a prosperous life.

  Now, many countries have relaxed visa policy for attracting wealthy guests from China. Among them, Canada was the earlier one.

  We may imagine that, if 1.3 billion population’s China is misgoverned to fall into chaos as that of in Syria, what would be the result for this world?

  The peaceful development of any country is the great contribution to the whole world.

  Viewing back in today, China has been successfully going on the way that Deng Xiaoping envisaged in 3 decades ago.

  Now, we have made clear that the success of China’s economic reform was mainly derived from flexible governing approaches, rather than fully from one party dictatorship.

  In viewing above, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau should not be disappointed for the incompetence of democratic governance, under current democratic polity; Canada also can achieve similar economic achievement as that of China has done.

  Follow was some reports about the process of policy making in Canada and China. 

  Canada: Opposition: Trudeau 'elbowed' female lawmaker, by CNN in one year ago: Opposition leaders in Canada are accusing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of getting physical during a parliamentary session.

  The meeting was intended to put forward Euthanasia Act that proposed by the ruling Liberal Party, but, it was led into the prime minister's attack on the chest of a woman councilor.

     Related image

  Please look at above photo, how helpless of JustinTrudeau is?

  Besides those ignorances in mental defective, no brain well developed   people would believe such a government can do any rational business.

  In Canada, under democratic polity, the reckless fight in policy making was not limited in parliament, but, in everywhere with involvement of any people, here was a recent report, Rowdy crowd of anti-pipeline hecklers take on Trudeau at B.C. town hall: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau delivered a spirited defence of his decision to approve the Kinder Morgan pipeline during the final — and at times rowdy — town hall meeting of his cross-country tour today in Nanaimo, B.C. As Trudeau attempted to defend his ideas about protecting the environment while growing the economy, he was shouted down by a number of activists. Three of them had to be removed by police after the local First Nation chief and Trudeau failed to talk them down.

  In China, the policy making has been in friendly discussing and in freely adopting a variety of useful suggestions.

  Such as the report: Deliveryman invited to present suggestions to China's top leadership

    From People's Daily Online   February 02, 2018, 14:36

http://en.people.cn/n3/2018/0202/c90000-9423171.html

Deliveryman Li Pengxuan never expected that his suggestion about the country’s delivery industry could result in him being asked by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang for a talk in Zhongnanhai, the exclusive compound for top leadership.

At the symposium on Jan. 31, Li Pengxuan presented his advice regarding the draft government work report to the Premier with other representatives from all walks of life.

Li is a deliveryman in central China’s Shanxi province. Last July, he submitted his suggestion through “Share your thoughts with China’s Premier Li” on the official website of the State Council, saying he hopes the government will promote cooperation between the insurance sector and the express delivery industry.

Li’s hometown is one of the country’s best ten fruit counties, and his fellow villagers have become rich with the help of express delivery service, which helped the price of apples per 0.5 kilograms rise from 0.6 yuan to 2 yuan.

Last year, Li’s service station handled 120,000 parcels, among which 100,000 were fresh fruit parcels. But due to the vulnerability of the fruit and other issues during delivery, they have to sometimes compensate customers for damaged products.

Li said he earns 6-7,000 yuan per month, but he has to pay 3-4,000 yuan to the customers for broken parcels.

Though eager to solve the issue, Li never expected his suggestion to receive any response or to be dealt with. However, staff with the State Council website later contacted him and invited him to communicate with the Premier face-to-face in Beijing.

“Premier Li asked about my job and said we are working really hard. I was touched,” the deliveryman said.

The Premier said the country’s delivery industry is developing fast and well, and has become a very important sector to boost the domestic economy.

After hearing that Li comes from a township and works 12-13 hours a day, the Premier said the fact that the country’s delivery capacity tops the world is inseparable from grassroots deliverymen like Li.

At the symposium, Li reiterated his suggestion of promoting cooperation between the insurance sector and the express delivery industry, and proposed to implement policies, such as special travel permits for delivery vehicles.

The Premier said the government encourages and supports the development of new industries and business modes including express delivery, and has adopted measures to lower logistical costs.

“It surprised me that the Premier answered my questions one by one.” Li recalled. After answering his questions, the Premier asked government departments to follow the people-centered development concept, and work hard to guarantee smooth delivery of fresh products.

Walking out of Zhongnanhai, Li said he has more faith in the future of the country’s express delivery industry.

Related: Hard-working couriers deliver 100 million packages a day in China

快递小哥被请进中南海建言:想说的话写在纸条上
 
2018-02-04 07:17:40 来源: 北京青年报
http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2018-02/04/c_1122364429.htm
 

  村镇“快递小哥”因半年前一则留言成为首位被李克强请进中南海建言的网友

  普通人如何能成为总理的“座上宾”

  2月2日晚上,随着飞机降落在山西太原市机场,李朋璇72小时的“北京之行”结束了。因半年前在中国政府网写下了一段195字的留言,他被选中受邀参加1月31日在中南海举行的座谈会。座谈会的“主持人”是国务院总理李克强,当天邀请包括施一公、郎平、黄渤在内的9位人士走进中南海,是为了听取教育、科技、文化、卫生、体育界人士和基层群众代表对《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》的意见建议。

  李朋璇就是其中一位受邀人士,他今年29岁,是运城市临猗县北辛乡王申村人,也是一家快递公司在当地的负责人。

  “感觉就像电影中的情节一样。”李朋璇在电话里难抑激动的心情用乡音告诉北京青年报记者,“没想到因为一则留言见到了总理。”

  据媒体报道,李朋璇是第一位走进中南海的中国政府网网友,也是首位进入中南海与总理面对面的“快递小哥”。

  缘起

  从事快递业时遇到难题 上政府网留言

  普通人与总理面对面的机会其实不少,但走进中南海向总理进言,网友这个群体是第一次。

  李朋璇告诉北青报记者,半年前,偶然间知道了中国政府网“我向总理说句话”这个栏目,因为在家乡从事快递业时遇到了一些难以解决的问题,所以他就试着在这个栏目上留言。当时李朋璇写道:总理,您好。我是山西运城的一个基层快递站点的员工,我们兢兢业业工作,只为助农。我们承运的物品中,有很多生鲜苹果,利润微薄且极易腐烂,作为基层站点真的伤不起。生鲜不同其它产品,发出去一旦有问题就是发件方的责任,每件理赔30元,但利润1件才2块。我很想为果农的生鲜买份保险后再拉货装车。

  “本以为留言会石沉大海,没想到会有机会见到总理跟他亲自说这件事。”

  交流

  和总理交流快递业和“双创”

  李朋璇说,“在几分钟的发言中,我和总理交流了快递业和家乡‘双创’的事。”

  他向北青报记者回忆了那天的情景:“总理一上来就问我是哪个工种,一天工作几个小时。”

  接着,李朋璇回答自己是一名乡镇快递网点负责人,每天要工作十二三个小时。李克强总理说,中国快递业发展很快很好,也是很关键的行业,承载了方方面面,促进了农产品、工业品的双向流通,搞活了市场经济。

  李朋璇说,总理提到快递员们很辛苦,大家要互相理解。

  因为在家乡快递的主要业务是帮助村镇农户向外地寄送苹果,“在和总理的交流中,我谈到了家乡的苹果,我们那好多人都是在搞这方面的创业。”李朋璇告诉北青报记者,在座谈会上他同总理还聊了家乡“双创”的事。

  据了解,临猗县是“全国水果十强县”。李朋璇家中种有30亩果树。3年前,为了缓解“卖果难”,李朋璇加盟百世快递,一方面开始自己的创业,一方面摸索“农产品电商”之路。北青报记者在他的微信朋友圈发现,物流和苹果几乎是全部主题。

  而此次参加座谈会,他所提的建议和物流、苹果都有关系。在座谈会现场他又提出希望国家推动保险业和快递业深化合作,为生鲜农产品进城保驾护航。

  对于这个建议,李克强说,我们鼓励支持快递等新产业新业态发展,多措并举降低物流等成本,这既能促进经济增长,更能促进民生改善。政府要践行以人民为中心的发展思想,拓展倾听民声、了解民意的渠道,在与社会良性互动中不断改进工作。

  谈及对总理的印象,李朋璇说:“总理非常和蔼可亲,而且说问题时很关注民生。”

  观察

  总理出访“应邀”与驻外员工座谈

  北青报记者注意到,此次和李朋璇一起走进中南海对《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》建言的还有湖南浏阳达浒镇农民孔蒲中,他和李朋璇都是基层群众代表,孔蒲中围绕促进家庭农场发展提了建议。

  事实上,这已经不是第一次基层群众代表与总理面对面进行交流。葡萄牙语专业毕业的小伙周效国和李朋璇经历相似。2014年4月,周效国通过中国政府网“我向总理说句话”栏目留言,希望在5月份李克强总理出访安哥拉时,能够有一次青年见面会。周效国是中国水电的员工,当时常驻安哥拉。之后,周效国没想到梦想成真了,中国政府网工作人员把留言送到了总理办公室。2014年5月8日下午,李克强总理如期访问安哥拉,周效国受邀参加了座谈会。

  因为留言走进中南海、与总理面对面,这个留言栏目到底是什么呢?

  中国政府网首页互动一栏,有一项是“我向总理说句话”,李朋璇和周效国就是通过这个栏目成功受邀进入中南海的。这个栏目开篇语写道:你的每一篇意见,都将被认真对待。值得一提的是,在这个栏目中不但能够看到留言,还能得到相关部门比如,公安部、工信部等对网友问题的回复。

  此外,每年两会前,听取各界人士对《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》意见建议的座谈会上也会有基层代表的身影。2017年1月16日下午,杭州钢铁集团自主创业员工黄敏作为基层群众代表,受邀前往中南海,对国务院《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》提意见,与李克强总理面对面对话。在那次会上,他向总理讲述了自己离开钢铁行业自主创业的故事,当时钢铁业正面临着去产能、职工安置的浪潮。

  事实上,每年两会前召开的听取各界人士对《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》意见建议的座谈会,是一个惯例,一般会召开三场座谈会,一场是民主党派中央、全国工商联负责人和无党派人士受邀参加,其次是专家学者和企业界人士座谈会,再者就是李朋璇参加的听取教育、科技、文化、卫生、体育界人士和基层群众代表对《政府工作报告(征求意见稿)》的意见建议座谈会。而座谈会上的意见和建议也成为政府工作报告起草的重要环节,2017年3月,报告起草组成员在接受中国政府网客户端专访时曾提及座谈会称,总理对所有人提的意见都很重视,都会回应。

  对话

  想说的话写在纸条上带进中南海

  北青报:先讲讲1月31日当天走进中南海和总理面对面交流的过程吧。

  李朋璇:31日早晨8点20分,我在国家邮政局两位工作人员的陪同下,坐车进入中南海。座谈会是在国务院第一会议室召开的,共持续了3个多小时,有9位代表发言,每个人发言是8分钟,发言中会和总理互动交流。我坐在演员黄渤旁边,是第九位发言的代表。我跟总理讲了我们临猗的苹果和我们村镇农民创业的事,总理说快递业整体特别好,说我们快递员不容易。

  北青报:你是什么时候知道要被邀请进入中南海的?参加座谈会前,做了哪些准备?

  李朋璇:在去参加会谈前两天,我收到了中国政府网工作人员的电话。当时接到一个陌生电话,第一次我没接,第二次就接了,因为是做快递的,谁的电话我都接。开始还不相信会有这么一回事,想到自己曾经在政府网上的留言,才知道这是真的。我也做了一下准备,就是先把自己想说的话写在纸上,就这样带在身上去了中南海。

  北青报:你的家人知道你要去北京与总理见面,他们什么反应?

  李朋璇:爸爸和妻子从来没有特意表扬过我,这次他们说了表扬我的话鼓励我。

  北青报:你说你在家乡创业?

  李朋璇:在老家临猗县干快递业快三年了,我自己承包的百世快递的一个网点,我们那快件少,我主要是帮老家农户们往外寄送苹果,我们那苹果不错。

  北青报:那你为什么提这个建议啊?

  李朋璇:我的快递业务主要是寄苹果和一些农产品,一天发三四千件,但苹果和生鲜不同其它产品,生鲜发出去一旦有问题就是发件方的责任,每件理赔30元,但利润1件才2块。一件快递,才8元,如果发生破损就麻烦了。我提这个建议是希望有第三方介入,有效地改善我们和客户的关系。

  北青报:走进中南海,见了总理后,生活有什么变化?

  李朋璇:也没有什么变化,如果有,就是从31日开始,不断接到你们记者的电话,但我不想说太多了,因为虽然见了总理,但我就是一个干快递的,我还是要踏实地工作、生活。不过,这段经历能够激励我更好地为我的家乡做点事。

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