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【育孩必看电影】《热血教师》The Ron Clark Story 和他的班规《55条基本规则》

(2022-11-01 04:51:28) 下一个

《热血教师》(The Ron Clark Story)是由Randa Haines执导,普林斯通·特那、玛瑞萨·维加等主演的美国教育剧情片。这是根据真实故事拍的,该电影于2006年上映。

罗恩·克拉克,出生在北卡罗来纳州,大学毕业后周游列国,23岁开始在家乡的一所乡村学校任教,5年后来到纽约市哈莱姆区,取得巨大的教育成功。他曾3次受美国总统及夫人邀请带学生作客白宫,2000年当选迪士尼年度教师,出版著作《55条基本规则》(“The Essential 55”中译本书名为《优秀是教出来的》)和《教育者的11项 卓越品质》,并创办罗恩·克拉克学园。他被著名电视节目主持人奥普拉·温弗瑞称为“美国教师”,他的传奇故事被好莱坞拍成了电影,成为一名世界瞩目的美国明星教师。

克拉克的成名是因为他在北卡罗来纳乡村和纽约市哈莱姆区薄弱校所取得的成功。在这两个地方,他帮助困难重重的学生树立了自信,提高了成绩。除了永远激情四射,在教学中不断创新且重视学生实际生活经验外,克拉克把他自己的成功归功于他给学生定下的55条班规。

在他的畅销书《55条基本规则》中,克拉克详细介绍了他集礼仪修养、纪律守则和做人原则于一体的班规。不少教师在看了此书后深受鼓舞,尝试着跟着学,有的 在克拉克的网站上留言说:“我照着这么做了一年,学生考试分数从来没有这么高过,它给我的课堂和教学带来了难以置信的变化。”

克拉克说,恰当的行为举止与礼仪修养,是学生学习成功的关键因素之一。只有当孩子们变成了一家人——大家都相互尊重,以礼相待,相互支持——学习才会在教 室里发生。他的这些规则很多都是关于集体组织的,为学生的成功营造了一个家的氛围。有了这些规则,学生不再只顾自己,只关心自己的目标,而是凝聚成了一个 紧密团结的集体。

“我把教室变成了一个家,这样我们所有人都要对每一个人的成功负责,我们总是相互提携。教室里每天都充满了鼓励和激情。当孩子处在这样一种氛围中,他们就会更加努力,他们想学到更多东西,他们的学习成果就会体现在考试分数上。”

电影简介

观看完整电影:

这些规则起作用的另一个原因,是因为它们给学生提出了明确的要求。克拉克说:“我所知道的是——我从来没有怀疑过——你对学生提出的要求越明确,收到的效 果就越好。无论是纪律还是学习。”批评者通常以为学生会讨厌这么多规则,但克拉克坚持认为,学生喜欢确切地知道哪些事情有利害关系,以及在特定的情景下该 如何做。

1、与大人应对,要有礼貌,有分寸;
Rule 1   When responding to any adult, you must answer by saying“Yes ma’am” or “No sir.” Just nodding your head or saying any other form of yes or no is not acceptable.

2、与人互动,眼睛要看着对方的眼睛;
Rule 2   Make eye contact. When someone is speaking, keep your eyes on him or her at all times. If someone makes a comment, turn and face that person.

3、别人有好表现,要替他高兴;
Rule 3   If someone in the class wins a game or does something well,we will congratulate that person. Claps should be at leastthree seconds in length with the full part of both hands meeting in a manner that will give the appropriate clap volume.

4、尊重别人的发言与想法;
Rule 4   During discussions, respect other students’ comments,opinions, and ideas. When possible, make statements like, “I agree with John, and I also feel that…” or “I disagree with Sarah. She made a good point I feel that…” or “I think Victor made an excellent observation, and it made me realize…”

5、自己有什么好表现,不要炫耀,输给别人也不要生气;
Rule 5   If you win or do well at something, do not brag. If you lose, do not show anger. Instead, say something like, “I really enjoyed the competition, and I look forward to playing you again,” or“good game,” or don’t say anything at all. To show anger or sarcasm, such as “I wasn’t playing hard anyway” or “You really aren’t that good,” shows weakness.

6、如果别人问你问题,你也回问他问题;
Rule 6   If you are asked a question in conversation, you should ask a question in return.
Me: “Did you have a nice weekend?”
You: “Yes, I had a great time. My family and I went shopping. What about you? Did you have a nice weekend?”
It is only polite to show others that you are just as interested in them as they are in you.

7、打喷嚏、咳嗽或者打嗝都要说对不起;
Rule 7  “When you cough or sneeze or burp, it is appropriate to turn your head away from others and cover your mouth with the full part of your hand. Using a fist is not acceptable. Afterward, you should say, “Excuse me.”

8、不可以有不礼貌的小动作;
Rule 8    “Do not smack your lips, tsk, roll your eyes, or show disrespect with gestures.”

9、别人送你任何东西,都要说谢谢;
Rule 9   “Always say thank you when I give you something. If you do not say it within 3 seconds after receiving the item, I will take it back. There is no excuse for not showing appreciation.”

10、接到奖品和礼物,不可以嫌弃;
Rule 10   “When you are given something from someone, never insult that person by making negative comments about the gift or by insinuating that it wasn’t appreciated”

11、用小小的贴心,为别人制造惊喜;
Rule 11 “Surprise others by performing random acts of kindness. Go our of your way to do something surprisingly kind and generous for someone at least once a month.”

12、改同学试卷时要特别谨慎;
Rule 12   “Occasionally we may grade each other’s papers as a group. When grading other students’ papers, if you give someone an incorrect grade, whether it is higher or lower than they deserve, the amount the grade differs from the actual grade will be deducted from your paper. The only marks you are allowed to make on others’ papers are an “X” and the number they got incorrect.”
“给其他同学的试卷判分时,如果比实际分数高了或低了,高出或低出的分数将在你本人的试卷中扣除。”

13、全班一起念课文时,要看着正念的一字一句;
Rule 13  “When we read together in class, you must follow along. If I call on you to read, you must know exactly where we are and begin to read immediately”
“每当给孩子们念书的时候,我会感情饱满、精力充沛、表现力丰富地去读,我会全身心地进入角色。”克拉克先生还根据角色不断变换各种嗓音,做各种动作。“这种方法使整个阅读的过程充满了乐趣,同时也告诉孩子们,阅读是件多么令人着迷的事情。”
“如果我看到那个学生在我们读书的时候眼睛每盯着那一页,或者我叫一个学生接着读,他却不知道我们刚才读到哪里了,那么这个学生的名字就会被记在黑板上。”
习惯成自然,以后孩子们集中注意力的能力会很高的吧。

14、以完整的句子回答所有的问题;
Rule 14 “Answer all questions with a complete sentence. For example, if the question asks, “What is the capital of Russia?” you should respond by writing, “The capital of Russia is Moscow.” Also, in conversation with others, it is important to use complete sentences out of respect for the person’s question. For example, if a person asks, “How are you?” instead of just responding by saying, “Fine,” you should say, “I’m doing fine, thank you. How about yourself?”
第一复述问题并给出答案,第二给出主要理由,第三展开说明进理由,最后重复问题并给出答案结束。克拉克先生要求学生用这样的方式回答问题,锻炼学生的语言表达能力合写作能力。

15、不要主动讨奖品;
Rule 15 “At times throughout the year, I will give rewards for good behavior, academic performances and other acts worthy of praise. If you ever ask me for a reward, however, it will not be given. It is rude to ask if you are getting something for good behavior. You should be good and try your best because you are trying to better yourself, not because you are anticipating a reward. I usually give some sort of reward to everyone who scores 100 on unit tests. If you make 100 and ask if you are getting something, no one who made 100 will be given anything.”

16、每天都要作完作业;
Rule 16 “Homework will be turned in each day for each subject by every student with no exceptions.”

17、做什么事都要有条理;
Rule 17  “You will make every effort to be as organized as possible.”
“When we are in transition from one subject to the other, the change will be swift, quiet and orderly. We should be consistently able to turn from one book to another, complete with all homework and necessary materials, as quickly as possible. The opportune amount of time to spend in transition should be less than ten seconds, and we will work toward a goal of seven seconds.”

18、老师在指定作业的时候,不要叫苦;
Rule 18   “When I assign homework, there is to be no moaning or complaining. This will result in a doubled assignment.”

19.就餐时不准占座位
Rule 19 “Do not save seats in the lunchroom. If someone wants to sit down, let him or her. Do not try to exclude anyone. We are a family, and we must treat one another with respect and kindness.”
 
20、别的老师来代课,也要守班规;
Rule 20 “While you are with a substitute teacher, you will obey thesame rules that you follow when I am with you. (I know this is hard, but it is important.)”

21、课堂上发言,或起身,应该讲规矩;
Rule 21 “We will follow certain classroom protocols. We will be organized, efficient, and on task. In order to do so, we will follow these rules:
1. Do not get out of your seat without permission. Exception: If you are sick, leave immediately.
2. Do not speak unless: You raise your hand, and I call on you.
I ask you a question and you are responding.
It is a recess of lunch.
I instruct you otherwise (for example, during group work).”

22.上课喝水吃东西不要打扰到老师讲课
Rule 22“You may bring a bottle of water and leave it on your desk. Do not ask me if you can get water while I am teaching a lesson. You can even have food at your desk as long as others don’t see it and I don’t hear you eat it.”

23、见到每个老师,都要说某某老师好;
Rule 23 "Quickly learn the name of other teachers in the school and greet them by saying things like, "Good morning Mrs. Graham," or "Good afternoon Ms. Ortiz. That is a very pretty dress." (Note: If you are in line with the rest of class, you are not allowed to speak to the teachers at that time because the no-talking rule is in effect. You should speak to other teachers if you are entering or leaving the school, on recess, on an errand, or changing classes.)

24、注意洗手间的卫生,把身边的病原减少到最少;
Rule 24 "Flush the toilet and wash your hands after using the rest room. When in a public rest room, get a paper towel before washing your hands. After washing your hands, use the paper towel to turn off the faucets and to press the dispenser to get another paper towel to dry your hands. (Or use the towel to press the button to start the dryer.) The last thing you want to do is touch areas with clean hands that others have touched with dirty hands."

25、让客人有宾至如归的感觉;
Rule 25 "We will often have visitors to our school. If someone is coming to visit our class, I will send two students to the front door of the building. You will have a sign welcoming the person. When our visitor arrives, you will shake hands, tell him or her who you are, and welcome the person to our school. You will then take the visitor on a small tour of the building before bringing him or her to the classroom."

27、同学受罚的时候,不要看着他;
Rule 27 “If I or any other teacher in school is speaking to or disciplining a student, do not look at that student. You wouldn’t want others looking at you if you were in trouble or being reprimanded, so don’t look at others in that situation. If you are the student I am talking to, do not get angry or fuss at students who are looking at you. Let me know and I will handle the situation.”

28、对作业的问题,可以打电话来我家,我没接的话,你可以留言,但只要留一次就够了;
Rule 28  "If you have a question about your homework, you may call me. If I am not there to answer the phone, please leave a message in the following manner: "Hi, Mr. Clark, this is _______________. I need help with the _______________ homework. You can call me back until ___:00. Thank you." There is no need to leave this message fourteen times."

30、吃完饭,自己的垃圾自己处理;
Rule 30  “There are several manners dealing with food that you must follow: I call these my ABC’s of Etiquette.

31. 不要随处乱扔垃圾
Rule 31 “After we eat, we will clean up after ourselves. This include cleaning off the tables and making sure we haven’t left any trash on the floor or around the eating area. It is important to be responsible for your trash no matter where you are and to be sure not to litter.”

32.住旅馆要对好的服务给予评价和适当的小费
Rule 32  "When we stay in a hotel room, it is appropriate to leave a tip on the pillow for the hotel workers who are responsible for cleaning the room after our stay. Two to three dollars per night is an appropriate amount, depending on the cost of the room."

坐车要有礼貌,不讲话,不胡乱粘东西“When we ride on a bus, we will always sit facing forward. We will never turn around to talk to other students, stick anything out of the windows, or get out of our seats. When we exit the bus, we will always thank the bus driver and tell him to have a good day.”

33、认识新朋友,要记住对方的名字;
Rule 33  "When we go on field trips, we will meet different people. When I introduce you to people, make sure that you remember their names. Then, when we are leaving, make sure to shake their hands and thank them, mentioning their names as you do so."
克拉克先生有意训练孩子们这项技能,立下了一些有助于记住人家名字的规矩:介绍后要起立握手,并称呼人家的名字问好;交谈中尽量多重复人家的名字;分手时要再次重复他们的名字。

34.吃东西,只取够自己的份,不能抢占别人的
Rule 34   "Whenever you are offered food, whether it be on a buffet or treats in class, never take more than your fair share. You never want to be greedy and try to get more than you should, not only because it is wasteful, but also because it is disrespectful to others when you do not leave enough for them."

35、别人掉东西,请弯腰去帮他捡;
Rule 35   "Whether we are in school or on a field trip, if someone drops something, pick it up and hand it back to them. Even if they are closer to the object, it is only polite to make the gesture of bending down to retrieve the item."

36、进门时,如果后面有人,扶住门请别人先走;
Ruel 36  “If you approach a door and someone is following you, hold the door. If the door opens by pulling, pull it open, stand to the side, and allow the other person to pass through it first, then you can walk through. If the door opens by pushing, hold the door open after you push through."

37、别人碰到你,不管有没有错,都要说声对不起;
Rule 37   Whennever somebody else bumps into you,you should say sorry though sometimes it seems you are not affended though. In this way , you can show your absolutely good quality.

38、进行校外教学时,无论到哪一个公共场所,都要安安静静;
Rule 38  keeping very quiet when taking a class outside of the classroom or in a public place

39、去参观别人的地方,要不吝于赞美;
Rule 39  "If we are on a field trip, it is a good idea to compliment something about the place where you are visiting. For example, if we visit someone's home, it would be a nice gesture to tell them that you think they have nice curtains. People are always self-conscious when they have guests visit their home, so you want to make them feel at ease. Also, if we are visiting other places, such as a museum or theater, it would be nice to comment on how beautiful the architecture is
or to tell the guide that you think the facility is very nice."

40、全校师生开会的时候,不要讲话;
Rule 40  “During an assembly, do not speak and DO NOT look around and try to get the attention of your friends in other classes. We must uphold an image that shows we have out act together!”

41、接电话的言谈要得体;
Rule 41  “When you answer the phone at your house, you must do so in an appropriate manner.”

42、一趟校外教学结束,要谢谢所有随行的老师和家长;
Rule 42   “When we return from a trip, you will shake my hand as well as the hands of every chaperone. You will thank us for taking the time to take you on the trip, and you will let us know that you appreciate having the opportunity to go. I am not concerned with being thanked; I am concerned with teaching you that is it appropriate to show appreciation when someone has gone out of his or her way to help you.

43、搭乘电梯时,要站右边,请赶时间的人走左边;(可以换成楼梯)

Rule 43  “When we are on field trips and we have to go up escalators, we will stand to the right. That will give other individuals who are in a hurry the option of walking up the left-hand side of the
escalator. When we are going to enter an elevator, the subway, or a doorway, we will wait for others to exit before we enter."

44、列队行进时不要说话;
Rule 44   "When in a line; walk single file, two to three feet behind the person in front of you with your arms at your sides. You should face forward at all times. There will be absolutely no talking.

45、不可以插队,但看到别人插队时不可以大呼小叫,让老师知道就好;
Rule 45  “Never cut line. If someone cuts in front of you, do not say or do anything about it. Let it happen, but let me know about it. I will handle the situation. If you fuss with someone who has cut in line, you could get in trouble as well. It’s not worth it; just let me know what happened. Please handle all disputes with other classmates in the same manner, by coming to me with any problems before you take matters into your own hands."

46、看电影时不要说话;
Rule 46  “When we go to a movie theater, there will be no talking."

47、不可以带玩具到学校来;
Rule 47   "Do not bring Doritos in the school building."

48、有谁欺负你,让老师知道;   
Rule 48   "If any child in this school is bothering you, let me know. I am your teacher, and I am here to look after you and protect you. I am not going to let anyone in this school bully you or make you feel uncomfortable. In return, I ask that you not take matters into your own hands; let me deal with the student."
“我想让他们知道,只要我在这个班,就会保护他们。” “这种来自于大人的支持对一个孩子而言非常重要,它伴随着孩子的成长,帮他们建立起人与人之间的信任感。”

49、自己的理想自己要坚持;
Rule 49   "Stand up for what you believe in. You shouldn't take no for an answer if your heart and mind are leading you in a direction that you feel strongly about."

50、要乐观,要享受人生;
Rule 50   "Be positive and enjoy life. Some things just aren't worth getting upset over. Keep everything in perspective and focus on the good in your life."

51、既然想做一件事,就只管去做
Rule 51   "Live so that you will never have regrets. If there is something you want to do, do it! Never let fear, doubt, or other obstacles stand in your way. If there is something you want, fight for it with all of your heart. If there is something you want to do, go for it and don't stop until you make it happen. If there is something you want to be, do whatever is necessary in order to live that dream."

52、从错误中学习,继续向前迈进;
Rule 52   “Accept that you are going to make mistakes. Learn from them and move on.”

53、不管如何,一定要诚实;
Rule 53   “No matter what the circumstances, always be honest. Even if you have done something wrong, it is best to admit it to me, because I will respect that, and oftentimes I will forget any disciplinary measures because of your honesty.”

54、抓住今天;
Rule 54   “Carpe Diem. You only live today once, so don’t waste it. Life is made up of special moments, many of which happen when caution is thrown to the wind and people take action and seize the day.”

55、在你的能力范围内,做最好、最好的人。
Rule 55   “Be the best person you can be.
我觉得这些规矩不仅在学校教育中适用,在家庭教育中也同样适用。细看每一条都是些不起眼的小事,正是这些小事培养了孩子良好的行为习惯,从而养成正确的为人之道。

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昼夜思想 回复 悄悄话 谢谢John推荐, 没有看过你说的这部电影,一定找来观赏。还有一部关于教师的电影Mr Holland's Opus, 获得1995年金球奖最佳男主角,Academy最佳男主角奖,以及被评为当年最好的十部电影之一,讲述一位音乐教师的故事,也很感人!
johniewalker 回复 悄悄话 喜欢美国好老师的故事的话,再推荐一个电影:

Stand and Deliver

洛杉矶极差的学校里一拉美裔数学老师,给一班毫无希望的拉美裔高中生教微积分,结果这个班学生的数学 AP 考试好到受到考试机构的“作弊”质疑,最后几乎都考入了大学!而且该校因此出了名,此后每年通过 AP 微积分考试的学生越来越多。但遗憾的是:现实中,这位杰出的 amigo 老师并未因此而交好运,而是被嫉妒他的同事排挤出了教师队伍。
昼夜思想 回复 悄悄话 谢谢分享,这些规矩真有用,很多成人都需要学习,包括我自己!
简单一点好 回复 悄悄话 做父母需要多学习。谢谢。
南方乡巴佬 回复 悄悄话 Thanks!
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