Ancient Egypt, it’s a place attracts my attention so much that almost every time takes away my breath whenever I lay my eyes at its remains whichever a piece of photo or an article relating to its Chronology. By today, I have run through about 70 over fictions and 20 over specialized articles and papers relate to this hot place. Although it is considered a basic reading, I have so many inspiring ideas soaring in my brain.
However, endless daily chores wore away my memories and left me only with pure great emotion rather than the intact knowledge on its history and abstracted philosophic thinking. Thus, I hope one day, I can spend time on putting down what I read, think and ponder, in order to record down my path on growing interest on that desert---Ancient Egypt.
1. End of Neolithic Era and the start of the Bronze Age
It was not until the third millennium BC at the end of Neolithic Era and start of BronzeAge, the emergence of the matured Agriculture enabled the well settle down of first human society and ended the nomadic lifestyle. The belief of immortal grew into the cult of the dead and which was empowered by Ruler transferred into a symbol of the divinity of the Governor and his heavenly power. In order to relay his heavenly power to benefit the entire country, Imhotep, chief minister and architect to the Pharaoh NeterickherDjoser, designed the first stepped Pyramid at Saqqarah. This symbolized structure means either a stairway to heaven from earth or thrown down from Heaven for the Pharaoh to ascend. This idea was found in 5th Dynasty onwards and were to evolve into “the Texts of the Sarcophaguses “ and the “Book of Dead”.
2. Structure of Pyramid
Pyramid is derived from Greek word “ PYRAMOS” meaning pointed loaves of bread; in Ancient Egypt referred to these monuments as “MER”, expressed by a Hieroglyphic illustrating their shape and which meant “place of (heavenly ) ascension”.
Development of the stepped structure to the true Pyramid reflected an analogous evolution in religious thought whereby the straight sides that diverge from a point down to the ground represented the materialization in stone of the sun’s rays that allowed the soul of Pharaoh to ascend to heaven.
The geometrical form of Pyramid reflected the point of union of the three axes of the world: the vertical one that united earth with the heavens, i.e, with the solar body personified by the god Ra; the terrestrial axis that ran north-south parallel to the Nile and which was connected with the royal function; and the celestial axis that joined east to west and symbolized the daily course of the sun on earth that was regenerated each day.
Both the terrestrial and celestial axes are represented by precise structures in a pyramid: the first is identified in the corridor that descends from the entrance to the burial chamber and , ideally to the outside at a point sometimes marked by a small structure (known as a satellite pyramid) that also served as royal cenotaph, in that the pharaoh was also king of the south Egypt.
The second axis was linked to the concept of resurrection and was symbolized by the processional ramp that connected the temple in the valley to the mortuary temple, one the principal structures linked with the pyramid. The axis evoked the passage of the body of the pharaoh from the world of the living, represented by the east, to the afterlife, represented by the west.