Headline news: Data from the UK and US
US/UK: super-gonorrhoea pass on via oral sex ((蒋介石有淋病 - 淋病是一种性传播疾病(STD)，且男性和女性均可能染上淋病。其可引发生殖器官、直肠、及喉咙的感染。淋病是淋病奈瑟菌（简称淋球菌）引起的以泌尿生殖系统化脓性感染为主要表现的性传播疾病。其发病率居我国性传播疾病第二位。淋病，又叫白濁，由奈瑟氏球菌，一般稱為淋病雙球菌所引起的傳染性性病，大部分病人在接觸病菌後兩三日發病。淋病已被作为可能很快无法医治的感染之一。淋球菌是引起该类感染的细菌，正发展出对之有杀灭效果的抗生素越来越强的耐药性。已经有36个国家报告了耐多药 (世界卫生组织) ((不帶保險套口交催生超級抗藥淋病病菌- BBC 中文网
Oral route rounding death - sex organ is for sex; mouth is not that
purpose, not contact sport. That President (Bill Clinton) did that, but he got hold
of that sin. Human sin got punished for not following the nature:
That's a fact, plain and simple.
Lesson learned: Specific function only - Mouth for eating not for that sex thing. gocha!
If human runs against evolution, round up death.
World Health Organization
Oral sex spreading unstoppable bacteria
BBC News 12h ago
Multi-drug-resistant gonorrhea: a research ... - GARDP – Global
Antibiotic Research & Development Partnership
Most Referenced GARDP – Global Antibiotic Research & Development Partnership
Oral sex is producing dangerous gonorrhoea and a decline in condom use
is helping it to spread, the World Health Organization has said.
It warns that if someone contracts gonorrhoea, it is now much harder
to treat, and in some cases impossible.
The sexually transmitted infection is rapidly developing resistance to
Experts said the situation was "fairly grim" with few new drugs on the horizon.
About 78 million people pick up the STI each year and it can cause infertility.
The World Health Organization analysed data from 77 countries which
showed gonorrhoea's resistance to antibiotics was widespread.
Dr Teodora Wi, from the WHO, said there had even been three cases - in
Japan, France and Spain - where the infection was completely
She said: "Gonorrhoea is a very smart bug, every time you introduce a
new class of antibiotics to treat gonorrhoea, the bug becomes
Worryingly, the vast majority of gonorrhoea infections are in poor
countries where resistance is harder to detect.
"These cases may just be the tip of the iceberg," she added.
Gonorrhoea can infect the genitals, rectum and throat, but it is the
last that is most concerning health officials.
Dr Wi said antibiotics could lead to bacteria in the back of the
throat, including relatives of gonorrhoea, developing resistance.
She said: "When you use antibiotics to treat infections like a normal
sore throat, this mixes with the Neisseria species in your throat and
this results in resistance."
Thrusting gonorrhoea bacteria into this environment through oral sex
can lead to super-gonorrhoea.
"In the US, resistance [to an antibiotic] came from men having sex
with men because of pharyngeal infection," she added.
A decline in condom use, which had soared because of fears of
HIV/Aids, is thought to help the infection spread.
What is gonorrhoea?
Image copyright CAVALLINI JAMES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
The disease is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoea.
The infection is spread by unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex.
Symptoms can include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual
organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods.
However, of those infected, about one in 10 heterosexual men and more
than three-quarters of women, and gay men, have no easily recognisable
Untreated infection can lead to infertility, pelvic inflammatory
disease and can be passed on to a child during pregnancy.
The World Health Organization is calling on countries to monitor the
spread of resistant gonorrhoea and to invest in new drugs.
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Dr Manica Balasegaram, from the Global Antibiotic Research and
Development Partnership, said: "The situation is fairly grim.
"There are only three drug candidates in the entire drug [development]
pipeline and no guarantee any will make it out."
But ultimately, the WHO said vaccines would be needed to stop gonorrhoea.
Prof Richard Stabler, from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical
Medicine, said: "Ever since the introduction of penicillin, hailed as
a reliable and quick cure, gonorrhoea has developed resistance to all
"In the past 15 years therapy has had to change three times following
increasing rates of resistance worldwide.
"We are now at a point where we are using the drugs of last resort,
but there are worrying signs as treatment failure due to resistant
strains has been documented."
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Is oral sex more common now? By BBC World online
It's hard to say if more people around the world are having more oral
sex than they used to, as there isn't much reliable global data
Data from the UK and US show it's very common, and has been for years,
including among teenagers.
The UK's first National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles,
carried out in 1990-1991, found 69.7% of men and 65.6% of women had
given oral sex to, or received it from, a partner of the opposite sex
in the previous year.
By the time of the second survey during 1999-2001, this had increased
to 77.9% for men and 76.8% for women, but hasn't changed much since.
A national survey in the US, meanwhile, has found about two-thirds of
15-24 year olds have ever had oral sex.
Dr Mark Lawton from the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV
said people with gonorrhoea in the throat would be unlikely to realise
it and thus be more likely to pass it on via oral sex.
He recognises that while condoms would reduce the risk of
transmission, many people wouldn't want to use them.
"My message would be to get tested so at least if you've got it you
know about it," Dr Lawton said.